revolution of 1905
a historical term describing a wave of political terrorism, strikes, peasant unrests, mutinies, both anti-government and undirected, that swept through vast areas of the Russian Empire, leading to the establishment of the State Duma of the Russian Empire, multi-party system and the Russian Constitution of 1906.
a council in the early political organization of the Russian Revolution in 1917
a Russian council or parliament during the time of tsarist rule, set up around 1905 but quickly deprived of power
a Communist or somebody who shares the ideals of Communism
the class of wage-earning workers in society
Peace, Bread, Land
the promise they mad to the people
is the series of revolutions in Russia in 1917, which destroyed the Czarist autocracy and led to the creation of the Soviet Union. In the first revolution in February 1917 (March in the Gregorian calendar) the Tzar was deposed and replaced with the Provisional government, and in the second revolution in October the Provisional Government was removed and replaced with a Bolshevik (Communist) government.
an economy in which resources and business activity are controlled by the government
in the Soviet Union was a policy pursued under Stalin, between 1928 and 1940, to consolidate individual land and labour into collective farms
was an economic policy proposed by Vladimir Lenin to prevent the Russian economy from collapsing. Allowing some private ventures, the NEP allowed small businesses to reopen for private profit while the state continued to control banks, foreign trade, and large industries
a poor person
a wealthy landowning peasant in Russia during the time between the emancipation of the serfs and the Stalinist era
5 year plan
was a list of economic goals that was designed to strengthen the country's economy between 1928 and 1932, making the nation both militarily and industrially self-sufficient.
was a series of campaigns of political repression and persecution in the Soviet Union orchestrated by Joseph Stalin in 1936-1938. Also described as a "Soviet holocaust"
is a concept used to describe political systems whereby a state regulates nearly every aspect of public and private life.