SR28 Ancient India Flashcards

25 terms by sr28

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Subcontinent

a large landmass that is smaller than a continent, such as India

Karma

in Buddhism and Hinduism, the effects that good or bad actions have on a person's soul

Buddhism

a religion based on the teachings of the Buddha that developed in India in the 500s BC

Chandragupta 2

Gupta emperor, he ruled India during the height of Gupta power.

Gupta

its an empire in south America.

Monsoons

a seasonal wind pattern that causes wet and dry seasons

Jainism

an Indian religion based on the teachings of Mahavira that teaches all life is sacred

Nirvana

in Buddhism, a state of perfect peace

Metallurgy

the science of working with metals

Vaisyas

Vaisya is the third of four Hindu social categories, or varna. Traditionally the Vaisyas were traders and businessmen, or peasant farmers.

Sanskrit

the most important language of ancient India

Nonviolence

the avoidance of violent actions

Missionary

someone who works to spread religious beliefs

Alloys

a mixture of two or more metals

Caste system

the division of Indian society into groups based on rank, wealth, or occupation

Fasting

going without food for a period of time

Asoka

Ruler of the Mauryan Empire, he extended his control over most of India and promoted the spread of Buddhism.

Inoculation

injecting a person with a small dose of a virus to help build up defenses to a disease

Hinduism

the main religion of India; it teaches that everything is part of a universal spirit called Brahman

Meditation

deep continued thought that focuses the mind on spiritual ideas

Chandragupta-Maurya

.. (late 300s BC) Mauryan ruler, he founded the Mauryan Empire in northern India.

Astronomy

the study of stars and planets ...

Reincarnation

a Hindu and Buddhist belief that souls are born and reborn many times, each time into a new body

The buddha

Founder of Buddhism, he was originally an Indian prince named Siddhartha Gautama. He founded the Buddhist religion after a long spiritual journey through India.

Hindu-Arabic numerals

the number system we use today; it was created by Indian scholars during the Gupta dynasty

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