AH test 3 - vocab

Created by Lolo15107 

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Tesserae

Small pieces of ceramic, stone or glass used in mosaics

Pax Romana

Peace und roman rule

Patrician

Wealthy landowners who were the Roman nobility

Insula

Multistoried roman apartment blocks

Forum

Public square in a roman city

Diocletain

Ruler who pulled the roman empire together at the end of the 3rd century, persecuted Christians and then retired to private life

Trajan

Adoptive roman emperor who conquered Dacia, rebuilt Rome in the 2nd century--first provincial to rule Rome

Coffering

Square dugouts in an arch or a dome used to decorate and lighten the ceiling

Catacomb

Underground corridors used for burials

Transept

Part of a church that intersects the nave at right angles to form the building into the building into the symbolic shape of a cross

Galla Placidia

Woman who ruled the western roman empire from Ravenna in the 5th century

Apse

Semicircular recess at one end of a church

Icon

Holy symbolic image

Justinian

6th century Byzantine emperor who built great churches, recodified Roman laze and reconquered much of the west.

Goths

Barbarians that conquered the western roman empire in the 5th century

Qibla

Decorated mosque wall indicating the direction of Mecca

Minaret

Tower of a mosque from which the muezzin calls the faithful to prayer

Calligraphy

Ornamental writing

Iconostasis

A screen holding many images that partition the sanctuary from main part of an Orthdox church

Basilica

Rectangular Roman building used for public civic purposes and later for Christian churches

Vitruvius

Roman military engineer who wrote a famous book on the principles of architecture

Tetrachs

Four rulers who divided rule of the Empire

Cathedra

Bishop's chair

Caesar

The first emperor of Rome

Romulus

One of the mythical orphaned twins who founded Rome

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