the form of theological rationalism that believes in God on the basis of reason without reference to revelation
Christian doctrine that stresses individual freedom of belief and rejects the Trinity
Second Great Awakening
a series of religious revivals that swept through the United States in the early decades of the 19th century. It stimulated the establishment of many reform movements designed to remedy the evils of society before the Second Coming of Jesus Christ.
These revivals were organized by Presbyterian ministers, who modeled them after the extended outdoor communion seasons, used by the Presbyterian Church in Scotland, which frequently produced emotional, demonstrative displays of religious conviction.
greatly contributed to the Methodists' success at introducing evangelical Protestantism to the new settlements of the West.
Charles Grandison Finney
An immensely successful revivalist of the 1800's. He helped establish the "Oberlin Theology". His emphasis on "disinterested benevolence" helped shape the main charitable enterprises of the time.
Burned Over District
the region of western New York along the Erie Canal, and refers to the religious fervor of its inhabitants. In the 1800's, farmers there were susceptible to revivalist and tent rallies by the Pentecostals (religious groups).
Seventh-Day Adventists who sold their possessions because they believed the Second Coming would be in 1843 or 1844, and waited for the world to end. The Millennial Dawnists, another sect of the Seventh-Day Adventists, believed the world was under Satan's rule and felt it their obligation to announce the Second Coming of Christ and the battle of Armageddon.
Founded Mormonism in New York in 1830 with the guidance of an angel. In 1843, his announcement that God sanctioned polygamy split the Mormons and let to an uprising against Mormons in 1844. He translated the Book of Mormon and died a martyr.
Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints: church founded by Joseph Smith in 1830 with headquarters in Salt Lake City, Utah
he led the Mormons to the Great Salt Lake Valley in Utah, where they founded the Mormon republic of Deseret. Believed in polygamy and strong social order.
Secretary of the newly formed Massachusetts Board of Education, he created a public school system in Massachusetts that became the model for the nation. Started the first American public schools, using European schools (Prussian military schools) as models.
the Father of American Christian education, wrote the first American dictionary and established a system of rules to govern spelling, grammar, and reading
William H. McGuffey
he is most famous for completing a series of textbooks that became the standardized reading text for most schools across the United States during the mid-to-late nineteenth century. First published in1836, it contained religious messages and sought to instill morality in its readers.
Early supporter of women's education, in 1818 she published Plan for Improving Female Education, which became the basis for public education of women in New York. In 1821, she opened her own girls' school, the Troy Female Seminary, designed to prepare women for college.
A schoolteacher from Massachusetts that founded higher education for women, Mount Holyoke College in 1837
reformer and pioneer in the movement to treat the insane as mentally ill, beginning in the 1820's, she was responsible for improving conditions in jails, poorhouses and insane asylums throughout the U.S. and Canada. She succeeded in persuading many states to assume responsibility for the care of the mentally ill. She served as the Superintendant of Nurses for the Union Army during the Civil War.
American Temperance Society
The largest organization established to oppose alcohol. It was established in Boston, Massachusetts in 1826.
In 1838, he founded the Maine Temperance Union. As mayor of Portland, Maine, he secured in 1851 the state's passage the Maine Law, which forbade the sale or manufacture of liquor.
it forbade the sale or manufacture of liquor in 1851.