history islam test

Created by katiezig 

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31 terms

bedouins

arab nomads

islam

a monotheistic religion that developed in arabia in the 7th century

medina

the city that Mohammed fled to called the Hijra

622

Mohammed went with 5000 followers from mecca to medina, which was called the Hijra. this is also the year when Mohammed wanted everyone to convert to islam or else they would get killed

Mohammed

founder of islam; arab prophet

koran

bible for muslims

redacted

to put into suitable literary form

zakat

charity tax; muslims would pay the mosques because they were poor

dhimmies

Mohammed and his followers instituted this to put a tax on non believers

shi'a

the branch of islam whose members acknowledge Ali and his descendants as the rightful successors of Mohammed

damascus

the capital of Umayyad; center of islamic world in the 700's

ibn rushd

a philosopher

dome of the rock

a shrine located on the temple mount in the old city of jerusalem

abu bakr

573-634 AD; Mohammed's father in law and successor; first caliph of mecca 632-634

sufi

a member of an ascetic, mystical muslim sect

allah

god (and arabic word, used mainly in islam)

quraysh

most important family in mecca; they were responsible for Ka'ba (black box for black rock)

muslim

a follower of islam

hijrah

Mohammed's migration from mecca to medina

mosque

an islamic place of worship

hajj

a pilgrimage to mecca, performed as a duty by muslims

caliph

a supreme political and religious leader in a muslim government

al-andalus

a muslim ruled region in what is now span, established in the 8th century AD

sunni

the branch of Islam whose member acknowledge the first four caliphs as the rightful successors of Mohammed

baghdad

a city in and the capital of iraq, in the central part, on the tigris

calligraphy

the art of beautiful handwriting

fatimid

a member of a muslim dynasty that traced to ancestry to Mohammed's daughter fatima and that built an empire in north africa, arabia, and syria in the 10th - 12th centuries

surahs

chapters in the koran

sunna

and islamic model for living, based on the life and teaching of Mohammed

caliphate

islamic empire

mawdli

non arab islam converts; converted to islam

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