Photosynthesis & Cellular Respiration

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Had a Biology Test, had to study.

Reactants (Inputs) of Photosynthesis

Water, sunlight, Carbon dioxide

Products (outputs) of Photosynthesis

Oxygen and Glucose

Reactants (Inputs) of Cellular Respiration

Oxygen and Glucose

Products (Outputs) of Cellular Respiration

Carbon Dioxide, water, ATP

Main purpose of Photosynthesis

light energy changed to chemical energy produces glucose

Main Purpose of Cellular Respiration

Produce ATP

Photosynthesis location

chloroplasts (plant cells)

Light-Dependent Reactions location

thylakoid membranes of chloroplasts - chlorophyll pigments

Light-Independent Reactions location

stroma of the chloroplasts

Cellular Respiration location

animal and plant cells (eukaryotic cells)

Glycolysis location

cytoplasm

Krebs Cycle location

inner space of the mitochondria (matrix)

E T C (electron transport chain) location

inner membrane of mitochontria

Electron Carriers of Photosynthesis

NADPH

Electron Carriers of Cellular Respiration

NADH (NAD positive) and FADH2 (FAD)

The Stages of Photosynthesis

1. Light-dependent Reaction: chlorophyll absorbs light energy to make carrier NADPH

2. Calvin cycle: Carbon Dioxide, ATP and NADPH are used to make glucose.

The First Stage of Cellular Respiration

Glycolysis: glucose is broken down into pyruvic acid + NADH + 4 ATP (net gain of 2 ATP)

The Second and Third Stages of Cellular Respiration (with oxygen present)

Krebs cycle: pyruvic acid is used to form NADH and FADH2 + 2 ATP

ETC: NADH and FADH2 and oxygen are used to form 32 ATP

The Fourth and Fifth Stages of Cellular Respiration (without oxygen present)

Lactic Acid Fermentation: pyruvic acid + NADH ---> lactic acid + NAD positive and allows glycolysis to continue.
Makes muscles sore and fatigued.

Alcoholic fermentation: pyruvic acid + NADH ---> ethyl alcohol + CO2 + NAD positive.

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