Democratic candidate for President
William Jennings Bryan
What was the Republican campaign theme?
"A full dinner pail"-prosperity
Was a missionary in China who was killed along with her husband and child by the Boxers. Her letters home paint a picture of desperation and religious faith.
Who are the Boxers?
Were Chinese who were members of a secret society that was part martial arts and spiritual (believed they could not be killed by western bullets). They hated foreigners and especially missionaries. They began a crusade to kill all missionaries and laid siege to Peking, the capital where European diplomats were forced to defend themselves inside their compound for 54 days. An international force defeated the Boxers. The international force included 5,000 American soldiers.
How did the paris Exposition in 1900 promote the myth of white superiority?
The Paris Exposition was a world's fair that exhibited the newest advances in technology. The Europeans also set up exhibits of tribal peoples from their colonies thereby contrasting the advanced civilization of the West with the more primitive peoples of the colonies.
The message was that the white civilization was superior to the black and brown civilizations.
What were "Jim Crow" laws?
Segregation separated blacks and whites-separate facilities, schools; blacks were not allowed in hotels, restaurants, theaters, etc. Blacks were prevented from voting with the use of the poll tax and literacy tests. There was also the common practice of lynching blacks rather following judicial procedure in criminal cases.
Who was George White?
Last black Congressman in House of Representatives in 1900. During Reconstruction there had been 22 in Congress.
What did he try to get passed in Congress?
White attempted to pass a law that made lynching a crime-it was defeated. Southern congressmen said they had to protect the "white flower of southern womanhood" from the uncontrolled brutality of the Negro male.
Booker T. Washington's view of African American civil rights.
former slave who founded Tuskegee Institute to train African Americans in job skills. He believed that prejudice would melt away once blacks were trained in job skills and were productive citizens.
W.E.B. DuBois' view
Northern black who was college educated (1st African American Ph.d from Harvard) believed African Americans should exercise their civil rights immediately.
Who was John Phillip Sousa?
American bandleader who made marching music popular- "Star and Stripes Forever."
What was ragtime?
Syncopated music by African American composer Scott Joplin-"Maple Leaf Rag" was his most popular composition. This style music leads to the development of jazz.
Who assassinated President McKinley?
An American anarchist named Leon Czolgosz. He shot McKinley at the Buffalo World's Fair while shaking hands with the President.
Who became President?
Theodore Roosevelt, the Vice President became President
How did the some Republican leaders respond to him?
Republicans thought he was too reform minded and wanted him out of New York Republican politics, so they had schemed to make him a Vice Presidential candidate. A VP was generally thought of as a do-nothing position.
How was Galveston an important city n the U.S.?
What were the consequences of the hurricane on Galveston?
City was destroyed; 6000 people died; City built a 15 ft. seawall and they developed a new form of city government called the commission government-experts were in charge of city services.
Who was John Mitchell?
Leader of the United Mine Workers Union.
Why was he important to the coal miners?
He had once been a child worker and organized all the different ethnics groups to unify and participate in a successful strike for better wages.