4th grade Unit 1 Social Studies Native Americans

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glacier

slow moving sheets of ice

plateau

area of high mostly flat land

mountain

highest kind of land

mesa

flat-topped mountain with steep sides

plain

area of flat or gently rolling low land

desert

dry land with few plants

staple

main foods or goods that a tribe would eat

adapt

fit a person's way of living to the land and its resources

surplus

an amount of an object or good more than what is needed

barter

to trade or exchange goods

ceremony

series of actions performed during a special event

clan

group of families related to each other

tribe

a term often used to describe a group of Native Americans who share a language and customs

ancestors

early family members

artifacts

objects made by early people

archaeologists

scientists that study the culture of peoples that lived long ago

Inuit (Eskimo) Indians

a group of culturally similar indigenous (people native to an area) peoples inhabiting the Arctic regions of Alaska, Greenland, and Canada

igloo

dwelling made of large blocks of ice stacked into a dome shape

Kwakiutl (Nootka) Indians

a group of closely related native North Americans that inhabited northern Vancouver Island and the adjacent mainland of British Columbia, Canada

dugout

a boat made from a large hollowed-out log

harpoon

long spears with sharp shell points

totem pole

a pole carved with shapes and animals

potlatches

a special Native American gathering or celebration with feasting and dancing

Plateua (Nez Perce) Indians

a tribe of Native Americans that live in the Pacific Northwest region of the United States

Southwest (Hopi) Indians

a group of Southwestern people called Pueblo, that live in northern Arizona at the southern end of the Black Mesa

pueblo

Spanish word for village

Plains (Pawnee) Indians

Native American tribe that lived along the Platte, Loop and Republican Rivers in present day Nebraska and Northern Kansas from the before the 16th century until the latter part of the 19th century

lodges

large circular houses built over a shallow pit covered with sod which were shared with many families

Southeastern (Seminole) Indians

a part of the Creek Confederation of tribes that moved into Florida in the 1700s. They shared the land with a group of Indians, and the two groups banded and became known as the Seminoles meaning "runaways"

Atlantic Coastal Plain

the flat stretch of land that borders the Atlantic Ocean (including the Gulf of Mexico)

Great Plains

the broad expanse of prairie and steppe which lie east of the Rocky Mountains in the United States and Canada

Continental Divide

an imaginary line running north and south along the highest points of the Rocky Mountains

The Great Basin

the largest U.S. desert which is bordered by the Sierra Nevada Range on the west and the Rocky Mountains on the east, the Columbia Plateau to the north and the Mojave and Sonoran deserts to the south

Death Valley

the lowest, driest and hottest valley in the United States

Gulf of Mexico

The ninth largest body of water in the world. It is an ocean basin largely surrounded by the North American continent and the island of Cuba.

St. Lawrence River

connects the lakes to the Atlantic Ocean and provides navigation to deep-draft ocean vessels

The Great Lakes

A chain of freshwater lakes (Superior, Michigan, Huron, Erie, and Ontario) located in eastern North America, on the Canada- United States border. They form the largest group of freshwater lakes on Earth.

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