Anatomy is destiny
Contention of some personality theorists. Freud for example that ones gender determines to a large extent ones personality characteristics.
Exemplified when issues arise that have no clear solution one way or anther and a person arbitrarily chooses one solution thereby ending debate.
psychological state that exists when basic hostility is repressed. It is the general feeling that everything and everyone in the world is potentially dangerous and that one is helpless relative to those dangers.
anything that parents do that undermines a child's security
Feeling generated in a child if needs fro safety and satisfaction are not consistently and lovingly being met by the parents.
Denying or ignoring certain aspects of experience because they are not in accordance with ones idealized self image.
dividing one's life into various components with different rules applying to the different components.
Compliant type person
person who uses moving toward people as the major means of reducing basic anxiety.
trategies in which a person believes in nothing and is therefore immune to the disappointment that comes from being committed to something that is shown to be false
Detached type person
person who uses moving away from people as the major means of reducing basic anxiety.
opposite to arbitrary rightness. The type of person is highly indecisive without commitments to anything this person is seldom, if ever, wrong.
Excessive self control
guarding against anxiety by denying oneself emotional involvement in anything.
belief that the causes of ones major experiences are external to oneself.
Hostile type person
person who uses moving against people as the major means of reducing basic anxiety.
fictitious view of oneself with its list of shoulds that displaces the real self in the neurotic personality.
Moving against people
adjustment o basic anxiety that uses the tendency to exploit other people and to gain power over them. Horney referred to the person using this adjustment technique as a hostile type.
Moving away from people
adjustment to basic anxiety that uses the need to be self-sufficient. Horney refereed to the person using this adjustment technique as the detached person.
Moving toward people
adjustment to the basic anxiety that uses the need to be wanted loved and protected by other people. Horney refereed to the person using this adjustment technique as the compliant type.
Ten strategies for minimizing basic anxiety
giving good but erroneous reasons to excuse conduct that would otherwise be anxiety-provoking. Horney used this term in much the same way that Freud did.
self that is healthy and conducive to positive growth. Although each person is born with this healthy form of self the view of this form of self can be distorted by the basic evil. The basic evil causes a person to view his or her real self negatively and then attempt to escape from it. Although the neurotic views his or her real self negatively, it remains a source of potential health and positive growth.
Child's need for security and freedom from fear that Horney believed must be satisfied before normal psychological development could occur.
meeting of such physiological needs as those for water, food, and sleep required for a child's biological survival.
Innate tendency to strive for truthfulness, productivity, and harmonious relationships with fellow humans.
Tyranny of the should
when ones idealized self is substituted for the real self, one's behavior is governed by several unrealistic shoulds.