four kinds of distracters
distracter 1: deceptive answers
distracter 2: switches
distracter 3: extremes
distracter 4: answers that sound too "nice"
many distracters steal words directly from the passage and use them to create a statement that does not reflect the content of the passage. distorts meaning
takes the truth and switches it around.
if an answer choice indicates that something is always so, invariably so, or never so then its usually wrong. suspicious answers
choices that sound too "nice"
some distracters will appeal to you simply because they sound nice, even though they have little to do with the question or the passage. such distracters might draw on something you already know, or on the surface they might just seem reasonable and correct.