APUSH Chp 13 & 14 Vocab

14 terms by l3xbby

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From America: Past and Present textbook

Mexican-American War

(1846-1848) Conflict after US annexation of Texas; Mexico still considered Texas its own; Victor: US; granted all land from Texas to California (minus the Gadsden Purchase) in the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo

Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo

(1848) Ended Mexican-American War; Mexico gave up all claims to land from Texas to California for $15 million

Webster-Ashburton Treaty

(1842) An agreement with Br which resolved the border issue btwn Maine and New Brunswick; Set the NE border for US

Compromise of 1850

Series of 5 congressional statutes, temporarily claimed the sectional crisis; Made California a free state, ended slave trade in D.C. strengthened fugitive slave law

Alamo

(1835) Americans living in Texas (claimed by Mexico) revolting against Mexican gov't; Mexican troops killed several rebels at the Alamo (a fort in San Antonio); Mexico lost

Free-soil Party (Liberty Party)

(1848) 3rd Party opposed all slavery and nominated Van Buren; most eventually became Republicans

Young America

(1840s-early 1850s) Many public figures (mainly young Democrats) used this term to describe the movement of territorial expansion and industrial growth in the name of patriotism

Lecompton Constitution

(1857) A fradualently-elected group of pro-slavery delegates met in Lecompton, KS; Drafted a state constitution; After a long debate, Congress denied KS entry to the Union

Ostend Manifesto

(1854) By American officials; a secret memo that urged the acquisition of Cuba by any means necessary. Once out, Northerners believed it was an attempt to extend slavery, thus the manifesto was disavowed

Manifest Destiny

(1845) a doctrine to support territorial expansion based on popular beliefs that population growth demanded it, that God supported it, and that it = expansion of freedom

Know-Nothing Party

After the collapse of the Whig party (1850s) this anti-immigrant & anti-Catholic rose to national prominence; Had some success in local & state elections; Failed to keep existence

Wilmot Proviso

(1846) Congressman David Wilmot (Penns.) introducted this controversial amendment stating any lands won would be closed to slavery

popular sovereignty

Settlers of a newly organized territory has the right to decide (through voting) whether or not to accept slavery; promoted as a solution to the slavery crisis; became an issue in KS in the 1850s

Kansas-Nebraska Act

Act passed in 1854; repealed Missouri Compromise, split Louisiana Purchase into two territories, allowed popular sovereignty; enflamed slavery issue and led opponents to form the Republican party.

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