McFaden Bio Organic Chemistry 2

36 terms by tahiaemran 

Create a new folder

Advertisement Upgrade to remove ads

isomer

different molecules made up of the same number and kids of atoms, but aren't arranged the same

geometric isomer

an isomer in which the location of the double bond cannot change

enantiomer

isomers that are mirror images of each other

charged molecules are hydrophilic because

water is also charged

carbon can be...

numbered

functional group

lone atoms or clusters of atoms covalently bonded to carbon atoms of organic compounds that act as a unit.

alt. definition of functional group

clusters of atoms that operate as a unit

functional group characteristics

- are the reactive parts of organic molecules
- affect the characteristics of organic molecules

hydroxyl group

OH-

characteristics of the hydroxyl group

-chemicals that contain this functional group are aka. alcohols

carbonyl group

carbon double bonded to oxygen

aldehyde carbonyl

has the carbonyl at either end of the molecule

ketone carbonyl

has the carbonyl not at the ends of the molecule

the ending "al"

refers to carbonyls ... USUALLY

a molecule can contain...

more than one functional group

carboxyl group

A functional group present in organic acids and consisting of a single carbon atom double-bonded to an oxygen atom and also bonded to a hydroxyl group.

most compounds containing a carboxyl groups are an...because...

acid because they donate hydrogen ions when dissolved in water

ionized version of carboxyl

negatively charged, because it has given up a hydrogen ion

amine group

NH2

amino acid

formed when an amine group and a carboxyl group are together

ionized version of an amino acid has...

3 hydrogen ions

phosphate group

a functional group consisting of a phosphorus atom covalently bonded to four oxygen atoms (PO4), negatively charged.

5 categories of reactions

1. functional group transfer
2. electron transfer
3. condensation
4. hydrolysis

functional group transfer

transfer of a complete functional group

condensation

reaction in which water is released, opposite is hydrolysis

hydrolysis

splitting two molecules up by adding water

5 master molecules

carbohydrates, lipids, proteins, nucleic acids

carbohydrates

composed of carbon, hydrogen and oxygen in 1:2:1 ration

basic subunit of a carbodydrate

saccharide, formed when carbon hydrogen and oxygen are put together

ending- ose

sugar

all carbs are made up of

simple sugars linked together

monosaccharide

one sugar

disaccharide

two sugars

trisaccharide

three sugars

polysaccharide

more than three sugars (lot)

oligosaccharide

only a few more than three sugars

Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.

Having trouble? Click here for help.

We can’t access your microphone!

Click the icon above to update your browser permissions above and try again

Example:

Reload the page to try again!

Reload

Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom

Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom

It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.

Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.

For more help, see our troubleshooting page.

Your microphone is muted

For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.

Star this term

You can study starred terms together

NEW! Voice Recording

Create Set