What Dialectics can we examine nonverbal communication in terms of?
personal-contextual and static-dynamic
What is nonverbal communication about?
systems of meaning, not discrete elements
What are the two important parts of nonverbal communication?
facial expression gestures etc and cultural spaces
what two relationships do we need to consider in thinking dialectically about nonverbal behaviour?
nonverbal and the cultural space, nonverbal and verbal
What are relational messages?
messages about how we feel about others and how we want them to understand us
What is a useful theory in understanding nonverbal communication?
expectancy violation theory
Although research shows some universalitites in nonverbal communication, what variation exists?
the evoking stimuli: what makes people smile etc.
What can be linked in understanding nonverbal behaviour?
Cultural patterns and that culture's values: facial expressions and collectivist cultures etc.
What are some aspects of nonverbal communication that very greatly between cultures?
Proxemics, Gestures, eye contact, silence
What are vocalisations?
the sounds we make that do not have a structure of language
What is discrimination?
behaviours resulting from stereotypes or prejudice
What is a useful approach for examining how different signs communicate meaning?
Semiotics: the analysis of the nature of and relationship between signs
What are the two ways nonverbal communication differs from verbal?
it is implicitly learned and less conscious