5 Written Questions
5 Matching Questions
- Free verse:
- Blank verse:
- a also called "Open form poetry" refers to poems characterized by their nonconformity to established patterns of meter, rhyme, and stanza. Free verse uses elements such as speech patterns, grammar, emphasis, and breath pauses to decide line breaks, and usually does not rhyme.
- b Unrhymed iambic pentameter. Blank verse is the English verse form closest to the natural rhythms of English speech and therefore is the most common pattern found in traditional English narrative and dramatic poetry from Shakespeare to the early twentieth century. Shakespeare's plays use blank verse extensively.
- c A stanza consisting of exactly six lines.
- d A common figure of speech that makes an explicit comparison between two things by using words such as like, as than, appears, and seems. " A sip of Mrs. Cook's coffee is like a punch in the stomach." The effectiveness of this simile is created by the difference between the two things compared. There would be no simile if the comparison were stated this way: "Mrs. Cook's coffee is as strong as the cafeteria's coffee." This is a literal translation because Mrs. Cook's coffee is compared with something like it- another kind of coffee.
- e A mournful, contemplative lyric poem written to commemorate someone who is dead, ending in a consolation. Tennyson's In Memoriam, written on the death of Arthur Hallum, is an elegy. Elegy may also refer to a serious meditative poem produced to express the speaker's melancholy thoughts.
5 Multiple Choice Questions
- A type of fixed form poetry consisting of nineteen lines of any length divided into six stanzas: five tercets and a concluding quatrain. The first and third lines of the initial tercet rhyme; these rhymes are repeated in each subsequent tercet (aba) and in the final two lines of the quatrain (abaa). Line 1 appears in its entirety as lines 6, 12, and 18, while line 3 reappears as lines 9, 15, and 19. Dylan Thomas's "Do not go gentle into that good night" is a villanelle.
- A writer's purposeful use of exaggeration.A boldly exaggerated statement that adds emphasis without intending to be literally true, as in the statement "He ate everything in the house." Hyperbole (also called Overstatement) may be used for serious, comic, and ironic effect.
- A form of metafor in which human characteristics are attributed to nonhuman things. Personification offers the writer a way to give the world life and motion by assigning familiar human behaviors and emotions to animals, inanimate objects, and abstract ideas. For example, in Keat's "ode on a Grecian Urn." the speaker refers to the urn as an "unravished bride of quietness."
- A fixed form of lyric poetry that consists of fourteen lines, usually written in iambic pentameter. There are two kinds of sonnets, the Italian and the English. The Italian, also called the Petrarchan sonnet, is divided into an octave, which typically rhymes abbaabba, and a sestet, which may have varying rhyme schemes.
- Pentameter- five feet/ Tetrameter- four feet. monometer- one foot/ dimeter- two feet/ trimeter- three feet/ hexameter- 6 feet/ heptameter-7 feet/ octameter- 8 feet.
5 True/False Questions
Quatrain: → A four-line stanza. Quatrains are the most common stanzaic form in the English language; they can have various meters and rhyme schemes.
irony → A literary device that uses contradictory statements or situations to reveal a reality different from what appears to be true. It is ironic for a firehouse to burn down, or for a police station to be burglarized.
Couplet: → A stanza consisting of exactly six lines.
Eye rhyme : → Eye rhyme is: , Depends on spelling rather than sound; words that look like they should rhyme, but do not. , an imperfect rhyme (e.g., 'love' and 'move')
Stanza forms (such as couplet, quatrain, sestet) → This is organized into three quatrains and a couplet, which typically rhyme abab cdcd efef gg, This rhyme scheme is more suited to English poetry because English has fewer rhyming words than Italian. English sonnets, because of their four-part organization, also have more flexibility with respect to where thematic breaks can occur. Frequently, however, the most pronounced break or turn comes with the concluding couplet, as in Shakespeare's "Shall I compare thee to a summer's day?