The Lend-Lease Act
authorized military aid to those fighting
Germany and Japan.
Which group issued its own declaration of war against the Axis power?
was the mass extermination of millions of Jews and others in Nazi death camps.
Which area of the United States witnessed the greatest growth during the war
Many Americans were convinced by ____ that a policy of isolationism was necessary.
Senator Gerald Nye's report
Government propaganda and war films portrayed the Japanese as
bestial and subhuman
During the war, Americans
experienced the rationing of scarce consumer goods such as gasoline.
In the United States, during World War II
unemployment declined, production soared, and income taxes increased.
The "zoot suit" riots of 1943
highlighted the limits of racial tolerance during World War II.
After a bitter civil war, Francisco Franco established in 1939 a fascist government in
Which work offered an intellectual justification for opponents of active government, laying the foundation for the rise of modern conservatism?
Friedrich Hayek's The Road to Serfdom
"Rosie the Riveter"
refers to Norman Rockwell's images of "womanpower" during the war.
During the war in Europe, Germany's advance into the Soviet Union was reversed at
The GI Bill of Rights
provided education and housing benefits for veterans.
The Atlantic Charter
endorsed the freedoms from want and fear.
Approximately ___ persons died immediately after the atomic bomb was dropped on Hiroshima.
What was the "final solution"?
Adolf Hitler's plan to mass exterminate "undesirable" peoples
Organized labor assisted in the war effort by
agreeing to a no-strike pledge.
The 1944 conference at Dumbarton Oaks established the
In 1940, the cash and carry plan
allowed Great Britain to purchase US arms on a restricted basis.
The Economic Bill of Rights was
not passed by Congress
The GI Bill of Rights provided for Veterans
low cost mortgage loans, scholarships for college education, job training,
ALL of the Above
The Good Neighbor Policy was directed at
"D-Day" refers to the
allied invasion of Europe at Normandy.
The policy followed by Britain and
France toward Germany of giving concessions in hopes of avoiding war was called
The program that began in 1942 that allowed experienced Mexican agricultural workers to cross the border to work under government labor contracts was called the
What was not one of the Four Freedoms expressed by FDR?
Freedom of enterprise.
What was the double V campaign?
An attempt to gain victory in Germany and an end to segregation in America.
During the 1930's the Good Neighbor Policy
was a foreign policy based on the recognition of the autonomy of Latin American countries, including those that were ruled by dictatorships.
After the United States entered World War II,
Americans experienced a series of military losses.
The World Bank and International Monetary Fund were established at
During World War II, African-Americans
ALL of the above.
The Office of War Information wished to
ALL of the above
Under the bracero program
Mexicans were encouraged to immigrate, but they were denied the right of citizenship.
For most women workers, World War II
allowed them to make temporary gains.
During World War II, American Indians
served in the military and worked in war production.
Men like Henry Ford, Charles Lindbergh, and Father Coughlin were members of the
America First committee, an isolationist group.
Who was the only member of Congress to vote against a declaration of war against Japan after Pearl Harbor?
The Fair Employment Practices Commission
was the first federal agency since Reconstruction to advocate equal opportunity for blacks
The dropping of the atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki
brought the war to an end but remains controversial.
At Yalta the Big Tree met for a summit. It was here that it was finally agreed
that the Soviet Union would enter the Pacific war.
Freedom House was an organization that
demanded American intervention in the European war.
Who is considered the founder of fascism?
In 1940, Franklin Roosevelt
won an unprecedented third term as president
Henry Luce's The American Century
hailed "free economic enterprise."
Supreme Court Justice Robert Jackson's concern in his dissent in Korematsu v. United States is that the Court has become an instrument of
December 7, 1941, is known as a "date that will live in infamy." referring to
the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor.
Which statement about the Japanese-American internment is false
Once the FBI did background checks on individuals they were free to leave the camps and return home.
Executive Order 9066
authorized the internment of Japanese-Americans.
As fascism rose in Europe and Asia during the 1930s, most Americans
favored an end to international trade.
Which statement is true about the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO)?
All the members pledged mutual defense against future Soviet attack.
Militant Liberty was the code name for national security agencies encouraging
Hollywood to produce anticommunist movies.
Which statement is not true about Jackie Robinson?
He had an impeccable record while in the army.
Which statement about the Korean conflict is false?
Chinese troops threatened to enter the conflict, but never did.
Which long-held US territory was granted independence in 1946?
How did the United States respond to Joseph Stalin's blockade around Berlin?
Truman ordered that supplies be brought to Berlin via airlift.
was an embarrassment to his party by 1954
One of the reasons that the Soviet Union felt justified in making demands on the Western world was the enormous sacrifice it had made in the World War II, which is estimated at _____ million dead.
Julius and Ethel Rosenberg
were executed after a questionable trial.
In 1948, the Soviets began the Berlin Blockade
in response to the creation of West Germany.
In 1949, Mao Zedong
led a successful communist revolution in China
The Universal Declaration of Human Rights
included freedom of speech and religion.
The first confrontation of the Cold War took place in the Middle East when Soviet troops refused to leave
The Hollywood Ten
refused to name names
The Truman Doctrine
committed the United States to fighting communism anywhere.
All of the following were goals of the Fair Deal except
passing the Taft-Hartley Act.
George Kennan's Long Telegram outlined the containment policy. What actually put the policy into effect?
ALL of the above.
President Truman's Fair Deal included
a national health insurance plan.
The 1948 presidential race
was the last before television forever changed campaigning.
After World War II ended, Japan
received much economic assistance from the United States.
What do the authors of NSC-68 identify as the "most contagious idea in history"?
called for massive increase in US military forces
Who did the States' Rights Party nominate for president in 1948?
Which statement best describes what NSC-68 called for?
A permanent military buildup and a global application of containment
Regarding civil rights, President Truman
desegregated the military in 1948
The Iron Curtain
separated the free West from the communist East
Who were the common victims of McCarthyism?
virtually anyone who refused to cooperate with the investigations
What reason did the Hollywood Ten give for not cooperating with the HUAC hearings?
they felt the hearings were a violation of the First Amendment
The movements for colonial independence
generally has US support
The Korean War
ended in a stalemate
The Cold War
ALL of the above
Who did Whitaker Chambers accuse of being a soviet spy during a HUAC hearing?
The Freedom Train
was hailed in the black press
When World War II ended,
ALL of the above.
According to the policy of containment, as laid out by George Kennan, the
United States was committed to preventing the spread of communism.
After the World War II, the only nation that could rival the United States was
the Soviet Union.
deported illegal aliens found in Mexican-American neighborhoods.
broke the color barrier in major league baseball
Who led the New York School of painters?
Which statement is not true about the Truman Doctrine?
It guaranteed billions of dollars for the rebuilding of Europe.
Joe McCarthy announced that he had a list of 205 communists who worked for the
The Freedom train was
a traveling exhibition of over 100 historical documents.
was an alliance between the United States and several Western European countries.
supported Harry Truman in 1948
What set a precedent for American assistance to anticommunist regimes throughout the world, no matter how undemocratic?
The Truman Doctrine
Japan's constitution, which Americans had written, provided for the first time in Japanese history
Which program was in effect to bring a New Deal for Europe?
The Marshall Plan
Harry Truman said that a vote for Henry Wallace in 1948 was in effect a vote for
The Marshall Plan
offered economic assistance to noncommunist governments.
Which civil rights measure was passed into law during Truman's administration?
Desegregation of the armed forces
By the end of the 1950's, what percentage of American families owned a TV set?
During the 1950s, agricultural production
rose by 50 percent
Andy Warhol's 1962 piece called Green Coca-Cola
Bottles is best described as
continuous, straight rows of Coca-Cola bottles.
What caused the civil rights movement of the 1950s
ALL of the above.
How was freedom displayed in the American National Exhibition that opened in Moscow in 1958?
The Housing Act of 1949
reinforced the concentration of poverty in nonwhite urban neighborhoods.
Many conservative businessmen found intellectual reinforcement in the writings of the economist
Martin Luther King Jr. was
inspired by the teachings of Gandhi.
The 1960 presidential debate between John Kennedy and Richard Nixon
highlighted the impact of television on political campaigns.
During the 1950s, television
changed Americans' eating habits.
During the 1950s, American teenagers
increased in number and were often perceived to be alienated.
After Vietnam was divided at a peace conference in Geneva,
the United States remained neutral.
In 1954, the Supreme Court case known as Brown v Board of Education
found that separate in bus stations was unlawful.
In response to the court-ordered desegregation of Central High School in Little Rock, Arkansas,
violence broke out, and President Eisenhower sent in federal troops.
In the 1960 presidential race, John F. Kennedy became the Democratic candidate, despite
Which Supreme Court decision did Brown overturn?
Plessy v. Ferguson
The new conservatives
emphasized tradition, community, and moral commitment.
After World War II, the automobile
altered the American landscape.
Between 1946 and 1960, the American gross national product
more than doubled, and wages increased.
Who warned against the dangerous powers of the military-industrial complex?
In Brown v. Board of Education, what was Thurgood Marshall's main argument before the Supreme Court
That segregation did lifelong damage to the children, undermining their self esteem.
Which statement best describes how the white South reacted to the Brown v. Board of Education decision?
some states closed the public schools, rather than integrate, and offered white children the choice to opt out of the integrated schools.
The Montgomery bus boycott
ALL of the above
The kitchen debates were between
Khrushchev and Nixon
Which statement best describes the thesis of David Riesman's book The Lonely Crowd?
Americans were conformists and lacked the inner resources to lead truly independent lives.
In his 1961 Farewell Address, President Eisenhower warned Americans about
the military-industrial complex.
Along with a home and a TV, what became part of the "standard consumer package" of the 1950s?
Which Middle Eastern country did President Eisenhower use the CIA to overthrow a government in the early 1950s, in large part because it attempted to nationalize
British-owned oil fields?
During the Cold War, religious differences
were absorbed within the notion of a common Judeo-Christian heritage.
What was the organization called that Martin Luther King Jr. established after the Montgomery bus boycott?
Southern Christian Leadership Council (SCLC)
By 1960, approximately which percentage of Americans enjoyed what the government defined as a middle-class standard of living?
During the Eisenhower administration, US-Soviet relations
improved somewhat after the end of the Korean War and the death of Stalin.
During the 1950s, Americans
on average married younger and had more children.
After World War II, suburban growth
increased dramatically, especially in places like Levittown and California.
Who argued the case Brown v. Board of Education before the Supreme Court?
Modern Republicanism included
the expansion of core New Deal programs.
Which was not a new innovation of the 1950s that helped to transform Americans daily lives?
Dwight Eisenhower appointed which kind of individuals to his cabinet?
Wealthy businessmen to run the government like an efficient business.
A balanced mixture of Republicans and Democrats since his party did not control Congress
hardened racial divisions in American life.
In response to the Brown decision and the general growth of the civil rights movement during the 1950s, southern states
subsidized private academies for black students only.
Which state saw the greatest population increase between World War II and 1975?
Dwight D. Eisenhower was elected president in 1952 in part because he
manifested a public image of fatherly warmth.
As a result of the Montgomery boycott in 1955-1956,
the Supreme Court ruled that segregation in public transportation was illegal.
During the postwar suburban boom, African-Americans
were often unable to receive either private or public financing for housing.
To libertarian conservatives, freedom meant
individual autonomy, limited government, and unregulated capitalism.
The ability to influence the world with American goods and popular culture is called
In the 1952 presidential campaign, Richard Nixon's Checkers speech
reflected the growing importance of television in American life.
The policy of massive retaliation was
indicative of the increased reliance on nuclear weapons.
The center of gravity of American farming after World War II shifted to
Texas, Arizona, and Mississippi.