Constitutional Amendments

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1st Amendment

The right to practice or freedom from religion, press, assembly, speech and petition the government

2nd Amendment

Right to bear arms

3rd Amendment

No homeowner is forced to house and quarter soldiers in times of peace

4th Amendment

No search and seizure without probable cause

5th Amendment

Cannot be held without explanation of crimes, do not have to testify against yourself, cannot not be tried more than once for the same crime and property cannot be taken away without just compensation

6th Amendment

Guarantees a speedy trial, an impartial jury, that the accused can confront witnesses against them, and that the accused must be allowed to have a lawyer.

7th Amendment

Guarantees a jury trial in federal civil court cases. This type of case is normally no longer heard in federal court.

8th Amendment

Guarantees that punishments will be fair, and not cruel, and that extraordinarily large fines will not be set.

9th Amendment

Simply a statement that other rights aside from those listed may exist, and just because they are not listed doesn't mean they can be violated.

10th Amendment

States that any power not granted to the federal government belongs to the states or to the people.

Amendment 11

The original jurisdiction of the Supreme Court concerning a suit brought against a state by a citizen of another state

12th Amendment

How the President and Vice-President are chosen by the Electoral College, making the two positions cooperative, rather than first and second highest vote-getters. It also ensures that anyone who becomes Vice-President must be eligible to become President.

13th Amendment

Abolished slavery

14th Amendment

Ensured that all citizens of all states enjoyed not only rights on the federal level, but on the state level, too. It removed the three-fifths counting of slaves in the census. It ensured that the United States would not pay the debts of rebellious states. It also had several measures designed to ensure the loyalty of legislators who participated on the Confederate side of the Civil War.

15th Amendment

ensures that race cannot be used as a criteria for voting.

16th Amendment

Authorizes the United States to collect income tax without regard to the population of the states.

17th Amendment

Shifted the choosing of Senators from the state legislatures to the people of the states.

18th Amendment

Abolished the sale or manufacture of alcohol in the United States.

19th Amendment

Ensures that gender cannot be used as a criteria for voting.

20th Amendment

Set new start dates for the terms of the Congress and the President, and clarifies how the deaths of Presidents before swearing-in would be handled.

21st Amendment

Repealed the 18th Amendment.

22nd Amendment

Set a limit on the number of times a President could be elected - two four-year terms. It has one exception for a Vice-President who assumes the Presidency after the death or removal of the President, establishing the maximum term of any President to 10 years.

23rd Amendment

Grants the District of Columbia (Washington D.C.) the right to three electors in Presidential elections.

24th Amendment

nsured that no tax could be charged to vote for any federal office.

25th Amendment

Clarifies even further the line of succession to the Presidency, and establishes rules for a President who becomes unable to perform his duties while in office.

26th Amendment

Ensures that any person 18 or over may vote.

27th Amendment

Requires that any law that increased the pay of legislators may not take effect until after an election.

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