Chapter 7: Politica; Parties

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political party

Organization seeking to influence government policy by nominating and electing candidates to public office
E:Republican and Democratic are the main too parties in the united states
E:There is also the Wiggs The tea party, and other minor parties or third parties

Two-party system

a system of government in which two parties compete for power
E:Main two parties are Democratic and Republican
E:Third parties have limited chance of winning

National convention

A national meeting of delegates elected in primaries, caucuses, or state conventions who assemble once every four years to nominate candidates for president and vice president, ratify the party platform, elect officers, and adopt rules.
E:Dem give extra delegates to LARGE states
E:Rep Give extra delegates to LOYAL states

National committee

delegates who run party affairs between national conventions
E:

Congressional campaign committee

a party committee in Congress that provides funds to members who are running for reelection or to would-be members running for an open seat or challenging a candidate from the opposing party
E:

National chairman

day-to-day party manager elected by the national committee
E:

Third parties

electoral contenders other than the two major parties. E:American third parties are not unusual, but they rarely win elections.

Donkey

the symbol of the Democratic Party

Political machine

well organized political organization that controls election results by awarding tangible incentives
E:money, jobs, and other tangible opportunities as rewards

Winner-take-all

System in which the candidate with the majority of the popular vote in a state gets all the electoral votes
E:

Super delegates

party leaders and elected officials who become delegates to the national convention without having to run in primaries or caucuses.
E:

Straight-ticket voting

voting for candidates who are all of the same party.
E:voting for rep. candidates for senator, representative, and president

Split-ticket voting

Casting votes for candidates of one's own party and for candidates of opposing parties, e.g., voting for a Republican presidential candidate and a Democratic congressional candidate.
E:

Plurality system

an electoral system in which the winner is the person who gets the most votes, even if he or she does not receive the majority
E:a candidate can win with less than half the votes

Party platform

A political party's statement of its goals and policies for the next four years. The platform is drafted prior to the party convention by a committee whose members are chosen in rough proportion to each candidate's strength. It is the best formal statement of a party's beliefs.

Elephant

the symbol of the Republican Party

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