Literary Terms

45 terms by milou9 

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!!! CREDIT TO GENESIS M. FOR THE LIT TERMS NOTES :3 !!! Lit Terms for AP English Lit

Allegory

Extended metaphor with meanings in and out of context

Allusion

Literary reference o historical figure or event

Hyperbole

Exaggeration used to heighten effect, catalyze recognition, or create humorous perception for emphasis

Motif

Reoccuring element in a story with symbolic significance

Persona

Narrator that is either omniscient or within the story but is usually separate from the author

Metonymy

Closely associated object that substitutes object/idea/concept in mind

Lyric

Expresses thoughts and feelings of poet

Elegy

Brief poem expressing poet's grief, admiration, and solace of someone deceased (feel free to correct me)

Ballad

Poems that tell a story which is usually set to music

Dramatic Monologue

Poem revealing the speaker's character while describing a certain event or situation

Cacophony

Harsh unpleasant sound arrangement usually composed of plosive consonants b, d, g, k, p, and t

Caesura

Metric or rhetorical pause

Assonance

Repeating similar vowel sounds

Consonance

Repeating similar consonance sounds

Synesthesia

Describing sensory information in an unusual way (example: Genesis always complains that the sun is loud.)

Blank Verse

Unrhymed iambic pentameter

Synecdoche

Part represents whole and vise versa

Denotation

Dictionary meaning

Colloquial Language

Informal language or dialect; slang

Apostrophe

Direct address of (usually absent) person or personified item

Connotation

Suggests beyond what is expressed

Dialect

Verse containing certain venacular

Diction

Vocabulary, phrasing, style, metaphor, and other elements enhancing a poem (feel free to correct me)

Phonetic Intensives

Sounds with obscure connection to the meaning of the word

Euphony

Smooth pleasant sound arrangement usually composed of liquid vowel consonants l, m, n, r, soft v and f; vowels; and th and wh sounds

Euphemism

More delicate or less offensive word replaces vulgar or harsh word

Figurative Language

Use figure of speech that can't be taken literally

Hyperbole

Exaggeration used to heighten effect, catalyze recognition, or create humorous perception for emphasis

Alliteration

Repetition of consonant sound at the beginning of two or more consecutive words

Antithesis

Joining two contrasting concepts to establish a relationship

Oxymoron

Two word paradox, such as adjective-noun or adverb-adjective, emphasizing contrast

Enjambment

Continuation of sentence or phrase after a line break

Sonnet

Fourteen line poem in iambic pentameter with varied rhyme scheme

Free Verse

Poem without a regular rhyme or regular meter

Anaphora

Repetition of the same word(s) at the beginning of sucessive phrases, clauses, or sentences that are sometime parallel

Villanelle

Means "peasant"
Nineteen line poem with five triplets and an ending quatrain with the following rhyme scheme:
A(1)-B-A(2), A-B-A(1)
A-B-A(2)
A-B-A(1)
A-B-A(2)
A-B-A(1)-A(2)
With A signifying the rhyming words while (1) and (2) represent the specific words repeated for the rhyme

Metaphysical Poetry

Poems speculating the basic principles governing the realms of knowledge and being

Foot

Basic unit of a meter with two to three syllables

Meter

Words arranged in stressed/unstressed syllable rhythmic pattern

Scansion

Indentifying metric pattern of a poem by analyzing the lines within it

Conceit

Elaborate poetic comparison or image

Octave

Stanza with eight lines

Sestet

Stanza wih seven lines

Quatrain

Stanza with four lines

Couplet

Stanza with two lines

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