Europe is the ____smallest continent
what is Europe's popiulation
Europe is the most _____continent
Norway, Sweden, Finland
what three European contries are the fewest people found?
which mountains define the eastern border- splitting Russia into Asian and European parts?
the Iberian peninsula is separated from the rest if Europe by which mountains?
what do some geographers refer Europe and Asia as?
what is the tallest peak in Western Europe?
what is the world's largest saltwater lake?
Pyrenees, Apennines, Carpathians, Urals, Alps, Caucasus
What are Europe's principal mountain ranges?
what is the major river in England?
what is the major river in spain?
what is the major river in Italy?
what is the major river in France?
What is the longest river in Western Europe
what is the longest river in all of Europe
mountaneous, seasons, snow, more rainfall
what is europe's climate
what were battles btw Christians vs. Muslims, Jews, Freeks and the original goal was to recapture Jerusalem and the Holy Land, (11th-13th c)
what were norse(scandinavian) explorers called? (8th-13th c)
Erik the Red, Leif Erikson
what were the two famous vikings?
what was 15th century and onward?
battle of manzikert
the battle that started the crusades
what are european economies dominated by
what physical geographic feature is navigable
Europe's nation-states emerged from durable power cores that formed the headquarters of what?
what is rapidly aging in Europe
east asia, south asia, europe
what are the worl'd three largest population clusters from 1st to 3rd?
what is the western boundary for western europe
what is the eastern boundary for western europe
mild to cold
what is western europe's climate
iron ore, arable land, petroleum, coal
what are some nautral resources of western europe
economics and politics
western europe has more to do with what teo things than geography
what helped differentiate east from west during the 20th century
western europe's goverment was:
eastern europe's government was:
which city has the most billionares in the world?
democarcy, philosophy, architecture, education
what are the four origins of western culture often attributed to ancient greece
what united most of european continent regional interaction and greater economic framework
when did the roman empire fall
when the roman empire fel,l what was the period of time known as
byzantine, most sucessful
what was the eastern part of the roman empire reborn as
holy roman empire
what was the western part of roman empire reborn as?
what was the time of feudalism and manorialism
kings, lords, vassals, fiefs
what was the lord+vassal hierarchy from greatest to least
which part of europe was greater, stronger, lasted 1000 years longer, and was wealthy
what laster from 14th-15th century, was the age or reason and intellectural mocement
what is a significant figure in the the age of enlgithenment and wrote the most influential cookj on hisotry and science
what was the new soil prepartion called
what was a new crop of the agragian revolution
when new invention changed farming, it was called
what waterted in 18th century in GB and moved away from agriculutre to an increase in population and prosperity
what was stated in late 1700's in the ideas of the Enlightment and to rule by people
who wrote the book that attacked absoluute monarchy
rise of nation, homogeneity
the revolutions of late 1800's encouraged involvement in politics in gov which lead to :
the new child labor laws limited working hours to 12 hours for 14 year olds
what latin word means "farmer"
13 colonies, india, africa, several middle eastern sities, chinese
what are parts of GB's empire
what is an ancient network of trails and trading routes connecting east asia to the mediterranean
how much percent today of europe is christian
edict of milan
325, declaring that christianity a legiminate religion
Benedict of Nursia
who wrote the rule and founded several monasteries
learning and literacy, food and shelter, agricultural productions, taking in infants, orphans, widows and unmarried women
why were monasteries so important (4 reasons)
which country has the largest nuslim population
battle of tours
what was th battle called btw the charles martel and the moors
when did the muslims invade spain?
how long did the ottoman empire last?
the fall of _____to the ottomans brough to an end over how many years of byzantine rule
who was the sultan who was responsible for the greatest ottoman assault on chirstian europe
family size declines
what does urbanization cause?
in europe 2001 how many children were there per woman
which society in world history became the first to have more people above 60 than below 20 in the late 1990s?
later marriages, family planning, spend money on selves, want fewer kids
what are challenges with urbanization?
support large older population
what will the shrinking # of young people not be able to do?
a city that is at least twice as large as the next largest city and more than twice as signigicant is called?
negative, slow, rapid
what are the 3 types of growth?
how many countries are in the EU?
the older name for the EU formed for Belgium, France, Germany, Italy, Luxembourg, and Netherlands to form alliance
what is an example of a candidate for the EU?
human rights and democracy, climate change, border control
what are the 3 incentives to join the EU?
concern over loss of autonomy
why not to join EU:
cyprus, human right's record
what is the problem with Turkey
What is the most populated and powerful country in the EU?
how much land does the Rep. of Ireland occupy in the island?
how much percent is roman catholic in the Rep, of Ireland?
how much percent is roman catholic in the northern 1/6 of ireland?
since which king's reign had Ireland beeen under england's rule?
when was ireland made a republic?
most of Northern ireland's minority ____ population, mistrustful of the protestant majority, would prefer to belong to united Ireland
who in northern ireland have been victimized by discriminatory practices since they were left unprotected after Northern Ireland voted to stay with UK
Nationalist Catholics, Union protestants
what are the two opposing groups called (Ireland)
what, btw late 1960's and 1998, divided ireland
homer to death of alex the great 750-323 b.c.
when was the greek classical period
democracy, drama, philosophy, lots of types of science and medicine
what were first developed by the Greeks?
what are the god's like in homeric religion?
aeschylus and sophocles
who were the greek dramatists
what theater had dramas that showed intervention of gods in human affairs
the olympic games primarily honor who?
where does the olympics take place?
which emperor abolished olympics
through who did the gods communicate their desires and intentions
individuals chose to be members and initiation ritual, personal encounter of diety, hope for better afterlifa and spiritual renewal
what were the 3 aspects of the afterlife
what is the school of thought which believes that humans aree good (spirit) and evil (body)
what is the myth of Demeter and persephone called?
cult of dionysus
what is the cult that worships god of fertility, vegetation and the vine
healing cult of asclepius
what is the close relationship btw worshiper and god called
a group of gods
supernatural powers, roman counterparts in olympic pantheon
who is the only greek figure worshipped by roman
what is the favored cult of roman army
cult of goddess isis
theme of overcoming death is?
the eyptian god of underworld
who si the god of beginnings
some emperors declared thier _____ (emperor worship)
promotion of worldwide unity
paul's ____ landed him in trouble w/ jewish authorities arrested, taken to rome and killed
what is considered to be the Earlist NT books
held 7 yrs after crucifixion, determined gentiles didn't have to follow torah requirements
weekly worship sunday, baptism, eucharist
what three differnece (main) are their btw christians and Jews
who's in charge of network of hcurches
in charge on one particulat church
in charge of diff. pats of 1 church
canon of 27 writings
what is the new testemaent also called
what was used by end of 2md centry and sets forth e most important doctrines
Incarnation and trinity
what are the 2 most important doctrines in the apostles creed
what is god in human form
council of nicea
what was in 325, called by EMp. constantine, and established nicene creed
states Jesus the son, god the father are one in being
what resulted in the refusal to worship the roman emperor (christians)
who were blamed whenn the visigoths sacked rome
constantine move capital to constantinople
what caused the great schism
language, distance, authority of pope
what were 3 problems catholics vs. byzantine
when did the great schism start
revolt against authoirty of pope
what was the reformation
castle church in wittenburg
wher did martin luther post his 95 theses
disputation on abuse of indulgences
why did martin luther take action?
reconstruction of st, peter's church
why did pope leo X renew the indulgence
break w/ rome occured right after disputation where?
when bible translated into englsih
Total depravity, Unconditional election, Limited Atonement, Irresistible graace, Perserverence of the saints
what are the 5 john calivn doctrines
roman catholic, eastern orthodox, protestant
what are the 3 types of christianity
7, believe pope is head
how many sacraments does RC have and who is the head7
how many sacraments does EO have, who is the head
2, believe what bible tells us
how many sacraments does p have and who is the head
denmark, finland, iceland, norway, sweden
which are the nordic countries
what is a representative lawmaking body whose members are elected of appointed
structures that carried water for long distances