What began long ago between Europe and North Africa?
What did Europe trade for that was from Ghana and Mali Empires?
Who began exploring the west coast of Africa in the mid 1400's?
What did Portugal want to trade directly for?
Where was Portugal looking for a sea route?
How was trade first done between African and European countries?
Gold and other metals
What are four things Africa traded?
What five things did Europe like to trade?
What year did Portugal round the southern tip of Africa?
What area did Portugal take control of and its trade?
What did other European nations build along Africa's coast?
Where did Europe begin to create settlements and farms?
Yes, but slaves could win their freedom after a few years.
Was there slavery in Africa before the Europeans came?
They needed laborers (workers) for the plantations they owned in the Americas (which they called the New World.).
Why did the Europeans think they needed slaves?
By 1600, the Portuguese trading guns and other goods to the West Africans for _________________,
What percentage of slaves died on the journey across the Atlantic?
Side by side as cargo
How were the slaves chained on the journey to the middle passage?
Although some Africans grew wealthy from from the slave trade, West Africa lost many of its _______________ to slavery and families were torn apart.
When was slave trade made illegal?
To obtain and control natural resources
Why did Europen create colonies in Africa?
Liberia and Ethiopia
By 1914, European countries controlled all of Africa except for which two countries ?
Europeans took the best farmlands. Also, they encouraged African ethnic groups to fight against each other.
What were some bad effects of European colonization in Africa?
How many slaves were shipped to the Americas in the 1780's?
a large farm where cash crops are grown
an antislavery activist who wrote an account of his enslavement,
to settle in an area and take control of its government
Cape of Good Hope
a former province of the Republic of South Africa; the point of land at the southern end of Cape Peninsula, South Africa