the canterbury tales - background and pilgrims

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honors english

followed chivalry

the knight

a perfect gentleman

the knight

son of knight

the squire

20 years old

the squire

recited poetry, jousted, dance, draw

the squire

fabliaux

short story with a snappy ending that has sometimes has vulgarities

saints legend

miracle plays are many times about saints

tragedy

through the medieval eyes (not like a Shakespearean tragedy)

exemplum

a sermon meant to teach a lesson

physiognomy

a medieval study of appearances (character traits)

canterbury tales takes place in

april

three statuses

church court commoner

commoners

peasants, middle class, guildsmen

first pilgrim chaucer introduces

knight

simple jupon

tunic

squire literally means

knight in training

jacket embroidered with flowers

the squire

satire of the squire

making fun of his youth (likes to party, likes women, doesn't sleep)

chaucer's thought of the squire

indifferent

jack of all trades

the yeoman

reminds us of robin hood

the yeoman

a proper forester

the yeoman

working for the knight

the yeoman

why does the yeoman take pride in his arrows

arrows (their flowers) are expensive, he could afford buying a new one, not reusing it

wore braces on arms

the yeoman

wears st. christopher around his neck

the yeoman

patron saint of travelers

st. christopher

chaucer's opinion of the yeoman

indifferent

jobs the yeoman would do

set up camp, make sure knight wasn't in danger

prioress' job

head of the priory (convent)

has a large forehead

the prioress

large foreheads mean

lustful

never cursed

the prioress

the prioress name

madam eglantine

tries to be french

the prioress

chaucer's opinion of prioress

amiable

upset to see a mouse

the prioress

passion for animals

the prioress

feeds pet "fine white bread"

the prioress

thin nose, nice mouth

the prioress

wears a brooch

the prioress

what does the prioress' brooch say

love conquers all

prioress satire

poking fun at her through the way she speaks and sings and learns french and how she thinks she's so cool but she's supposed to be a homely nun

abbot

head of the order

has bells on his thoroughbred horses

the monk

thinks rules of the cloister do not apply to him

the monk

why can monks not hunt

it is cruel and violent, they should be vegetarians

fur on sleeves

the monk

has bulging eyes

the monk

bulging eyes physiognomy

worldly (cloistered monks should not be worldly)

is the monk cloistered

yes

is the friar cloistered

no

knows a lot of the town gossip

the friar

the friar satire

would arrange marriages for women but they have to sleep with him to get her married

the friar's name

friar lawrence

hears confession for money

the friar

white throat

the friar

white throat physiognomy

symbol of lechery

thinks lepers are below him

the friar (friars SHOULD work with lepers... like jesus)

chaucer's opinion of the friar

does not like him

a student who gladly learns

the clerk (the oxford cleric)

the clerk (the oxford cleric)'s reason for schooling

to become a priest

absent minded

the clerk (the oxford cleric)

just how absent minded is the clerk (the oxford cleric)

forgets to feed his horse and himself

has dark circles around eyes

the clerk (the oxford cleric)

material thing the clerk (the oxford cleric) loves

books (with gold titles and red leather)

a philosopher and listener

the clerk (the oxford cleric)

the clerk (the oxford cleric)'s satire

he takes money from friends (for book)

white beard

the franklin

why is the franklin's white beard important

had money to clean his beard

had cake and wine for breakfast

the franklin

why is the franklin's meal of cake and wine important

shoes his wealth

why does the franklin eat so much

you should live to make yourself happy, if eating is one of those things, go for it

great wine cellar

the franklin

the franklin's satire

if the cook isn't good, he's out of there

white girdle belt

the franklin

chaucer's opinon of the franklin

likes him

used stars to tell if you were healthy or not

the physician

how the physician could tell if you were healthy or not

through the stars

all doctors divided illness into four categories, which are

dry, hot moist, cold

the four categories doctors divide illness into are also called

humors

in cahoots with the apothecary

the physician

considered to be irreligious

the physician

wears blue and scarlet

the physician

made a lot of money, but very cheap

the physician

drank cordials (night caps)

the physician

a feminist

the wife of bath

deaf

the wife of bath

how the wife of bath became deaf

third husband boxed her ears because she was reading feminist literature

weaved scarves

the wife of bath

red shoes

the wife of bath

bold and pretty face with rosy cheeks

the wife of bath

# of husbands of the wife of bath

5 (all dead)

how many times the wife of bath has been to jerusalem

three

gap toothed

the wife of bath

gap toothed physiognomy

traveler

why the wife of bath rode a wider horse

a wider woman

well wimpled

the wife of bath

why the wife of bath has spurs on her feet

lieks to be in control

importance of the wife of bath knowing many different sex positions

shows she's a feminist, because in the middle ages, the church said you could only have sex in the missionary position

two pilgrims where there are no satires

knight, parson

parish priest

the parson

devout, willing to teach parishioners

the parson

doesn't want to make himself important

the parson

was willing to pay other parishioner's tithes

the parson

ALWAYS put others first

the parson

importance of being "a country parson"

the parson would traveler all over his entire parish, regardless of weather

if gold rusts, what should iron do

if the parson isn't good, how can he expect others to be good (if the shepherd is dirty, how can the sheep be clean)

parson's brother

the plowman

didn't mind being a poor farmer

the plowman

didn't believe in owing people

the plowman

a mare

a farmer's horse, not a fine horse that the monk or the knight rode, what the plowman rode

the plowman satire

for such a good man, it's a shame his job involves poop

a stout churl

the miller

good at wrestling

the miller

red hair (beard)

the miller

red beard physiognomy

vulgar and rude

wart on nose

the miller

tells dirty stories

the miller

cheats people (calls his thumb a thumb of gold)

the miller

plays the bagpipes

the miller

chaucer's opinion of the miller

does not like him

always had a sword and shield with him

the miller

estate manager

the reeve

takes advantage of 20 year old lord

the reeve

knew seasons and animals well

the reeve

weird priest hair (sign of chastity and devotion to god)

the reeve

reeve's cottage

on a meadow, green trees, beautiful

how the reeve would trick his lord

he would let the lord borrow his own items (like a wheelbarrow) that was really the lords, and the lord would give gifts of thanks

ORIGINALLY was a carpenter

the reeve

let's his sword go rusty (doesn't need one)

the reeve

wears dark brown clothing

the reeve

not social, crabby, exemplified by him riding at the back of the group

the reeve

red cherubic face

the summoner

red cherubic face really means the summoner

has leprosy

VERY LECHEROUS

the summoner

welts and pimples all over his face

the summoner

eats onions, garlic, red wine - makes face more red

the summoner

was a drunk

the summoner

only spoke latin while drunk

the summoner

why did the summoner speak latin while drunk

worked for the church, used it in church court

the summoner satire

like a jaybird (can repeat what people say)

a noble rascal

the summoner

how the summoner would "give summons"

instead of giving summons and sending them to the church court, the summoner would say "don't worry about it, just give me a quart of wine, and this will disappear"

part of church class, but NOT a clergy member

the summoner

wore a garland around his head

the summoner

why the summoner wore a garland around his head

to show he was fun loving

the summoner's best friend

the pardoner

has a piece of bread that looked like a shield and with it he'd act like he was going to hit somebody

the summoner

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