Separation of Powers
Division of authority into the three branches
Rule of Law
Everyone, including government officials, must obey the law
People having authority or power
Two levels of government, state and national, with national (federal) being supreme
Checks and Balances
Three branches use their powers to keep each other from abusing powers
Powers that both state and federal government have (taxing, parks, courts...)
Suggested powers of Congress; not specifically written in Constitution
Expressed, Delegated, or Enumerated Powers
Powers of the national government (military, international trade, printing money...)
Article 6 of Constitution - national government overrules states if there is a conflict
Article 1, Section 8, clause 18 - grants Congress power to pass laws on issues not stated in Constitution; implied power
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