a system of interconnected flattened membrane sacs forming a seperate compartment within the stroma of a chloroplast
the photosynthetic membrane within a chloroplast that contains light gathering pigment molecules and electron transport chains
a molecule containing 3 high energy phosphate bonds that act as the primary energy transfer molecule of living organisms
a molecule containing 2 high energy phosphate bonds that may be formed by breaking one of the phosphate bonds of the ATP
A compound(+) that (accepts) 1 hydrogen atom and 2 electrons, forming NADPH..an electron acceptor or taker.
a compound that (donates) 1 hydrogen atom and 2 electrons to another molecule to reform or put back to NADP+, this one is a donar.
Light dependant reactions
the first set of reactions of photosynthesis in which light energy excites electrons in the chlorophyll molecules..powers chemiosmotic ATP synthesis and results in the (reduction) of NADP+ to NADP
a cyclic set of reactions occuring in the STROMA of chloroplasts that fixes the carbon of CO2 into carb molecules and recycles coenzymes..
Light (independant) reactions
the second set of reactions in the photosynthesis. (the CalvinCycle) these dont need solar energy
this is a cluster of photosynthetic pigments imbedded in the thylakoid membrane of a chloroplast that absorbs light energy
Electron transport chain
a series of stonger electron acceptors, every time an electron is transferred, energy is released..
a chemical reaction in which a compound is broken down by light. In photosynthesis (water) molecules are split by ..this.. (2 H2O +energy=4H+ + 4e- + O2 )
ATP Synthase complex
a special protein complex embedded in the thylakoid membrane that allows H+ ions to escape from the lumen and uses the resulting energy to generate or make ATP
a process for synthesizing ATP using the energy of an electrochemical gradient and the ATP synthase enzyme..