Medical Terminology--Combining Forms

1062 terms by bcbatson 

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Medical Terminology (Combining Forms only) Medical Language: Immerse Yourself, 2nd Ed. Susan Turley

abdomin/o-

abdomen

ablat/o-

take away; destroy

abort/o-

stop prematurely

abras/o-

scrape off

absorpt/o-

absorb; take in

access/o-

supplemental or contributing part

accommod/o-

to adapt

acetabul/o-

acetabulum (hip socket)

acid/o-

acid (low pH)

acous/o-

hearing; sound

acr/o-

extremity; highest point

acromi/o-

acromion

actin/o-

rays of the sun

act/o-

action

acu/o-

needle; sharpness

addict/o-

surrender to; be controlled by

aden/o-

gland

adenoid/o-

adenoids

adhes/o-

to stick to

adip/o-

fat

adjuv/o-

giving help or assistance

adnex/o-

accessory connecting parts

adolesc/o-

the beginning of being an adult

adrenal/o-

adrenal gland

adren/o-

adrenal gland

affect/o-

state of mind; mood; to have an influence on

affer/o-

bring toward the center

aggluntin/o-

clumping; sticking

aggreg/o-

crowding together

ag/o-

to lead to

agon/o-

causing action

agor/a-

open area or space

albin/o-

white

albumin/o-

albumin

alges/o-

sensation of pain

alg/o-

pain

align/o-

arranged in a straight line

aliment/o-

food; nourishment

alkal/o-

base (high pH)

allerg/o-

allergy

all/o-

other; strange

alopec/o-

bald

alveol/o-

alveolus (air sac)

ambly/o-

dimness

ambulat/o-

walking

amnes/o-

forgetfulness

amni/o-

amnion (fetal membrane)

amputat/o-

to cut off

amput/o-

to cut off

amygdal/o-

almond shape

amyl/o-

carbohydrate; starch

anabol/o-

building up

analy/o-

to separate

anastom/o-

create an opening between two structures

ancill/o-

servant; accessory

andr/o-

male

aneurysm/o-

aneurysm (dilation)

angin/o-

angina

angi/o-

blood vessel; lymphatic vessel

anis/o-

unequal

ankyl/o-

fused together; stiff

an/o-

anus

antagon/o-

oppose or work against

anter/o-

before; front part

anthrac/o-

coal

anxi/o-

fear; worry

aort/o-

aorta

apher/o-

withdrawal

aphth/o-

ulcer

apic/o-

apex (tip)

appendic/o-

appendix

appendicul/o-

limb; small attached part

append/o-

small structure hanging form a larger structure; appendix

appercept/o-

fully perceived

aque/o-

watery substance

arachn/o-

spider; spider web

areol/o-

small area around the nipple

arteri/o-

artery

arteriol/o-

arteriole

arter/o-

artery

arthr/o-

joint

articul/o-

joint

asbest/o-

asbestos

ascit/o-

ascites

aspir/o-

to breathe in; to suck in

asthen/o-

lack of strength

asthm/o-

asthma

astr/o-

starlike structure

atel/o-

incomplete

ather/o-

soft, fatty substance

atheromat/o-

fatty deposit or mass

athet/o-

without position or place

atri/o-

atrium (upper heart chamber)

attenu/o-

weakened

audi/o-

the sense of hearing

audit/o-

the sense of hearing

augment/o-

increase in size or degree

aur/i-

ear

auricul/o-

ear

auscult/o-

listening

aut/o-

self

autonom/o-

independent; self-governing

axill/o-

axilla (armpit)

axi/o-

axis

bacteri/o-

bacterium

balan/o-

glans penis

bar/o-

weight

basil/o-

base of an organ

bas/o-

base of a structure; basic (alkaline)

behav/o-

activity; manner of acting

bili/o-

bile; gall

bilirubin/o-

bilirubin

bi/o-

life; living organisms; living tissue

blast/o-

immature; embryonic

blephar/o-

eyelid

botul/o-

sausage

brachi/o-

arm

bronchi/o-

bronchus

bronchiol/o-

bronchiole

bronch/o-

bronchus

brux/o-

to grind the teeth

buccinat/o-

cheek

bucc/o-

cheek

bulb/o-

like a bulb

bunion/o-

bunion

burs/o-

bursa

cac/o-

bad; poor

calcane/o-

calcaneus (heel bone)

calc/i-

calcium

calcific/o-

hard from calcium

calci/o-

calcium

calc/o-

calcium

calcul/o-

stone

calic/o-

calix

cali/o-

calix

calor/o-

heat

cancell/o-

lattice structure

cancer/o-

cancer

candid/o-

Candida (a yeast)

can/o-

resembling a dog

capill/o-

hairlike structure; capillary

capn/o-

carbon dioside

capsul/o-

capsule (enveloping structure)

carb/o-

carbon atoms

carbox/y-

carbon monoxide

carcin/o-

cancer

card/i-

heart

cardi/o-

heart

cari/o-

caries (tooth decay)

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