elongated church (Roman) with narthex, apse, nave and side aisles.
church with same length sides and dome in middle, later than basilica
Emperor of Rome who adopted the Christian faith and stopped the persecution of Christians (280-337)
figures with hands raised in prayer
The part of the church that creates the cross shape, an interior division of space (added arms to the church)
the long central part of a church, extending from the entrance to the altar, with aisles along the sides
a recess, usually semicircular, in the wall of a Roman basilica or at the east end of a church
art consisting of a design made of small pieces of colored stone or glass
a cross with each of the four arms the same length
Traditional style for the cross (vertical member longer than intersecting member)
mausoleum of Galla Placidia
Byzantine, central plan (greek cross), outside very simple compared to rich interior, many mosaics inside (good shepard Jesus)
Byzantine emperor attempted to place Christian values in civil law, built Hagia Sofia
Oldest well-preserved painted manuscript containing biblical scenes. (Made of calfskin dyed with purple for an imperial look)
octagonal church style, young looking Jesus in mosaics, Byzantine (made under Emperor Justinian)
decorative Byzantine church in Constantinople, Justinian rebuilt it in 5 years (now mosque in Istanbul, Turkey)
Eastern Roman Empire, capital city was Constantinople, (Constantine and Justinian) favored Christianity
from greek word for 'image', painting of one or more sacred persons (Jesus, virgin Mary, or saints)
Debate between opponents and defenders of icons (representing sacred people through pictures or not) in the Byzantine Church; one of the issues that led to the split of the Christian church (protestant reformation)
Greek for "lover of icons" this term refers to those who defend and promote the proper use of icons in Christian worship.
St. Mark's Cathedral
built in the form of an equal-sided Greek cross (5 domes), gold-leaf mosaics interior
500-726 (6th cent), Justinian, Constantinople, Hagia Sophia
843-1204, St. Mark's Cathedral, raise of icons again
1204-1453, Jesus now 'ruler of the universe' or pantocrator
Christ as ruler of heaven and earth, late byzantine art
an almond-shaped nimbus surrounding sacred figures (body halo)
animal style decoration
german styles of art, combined with celtic, very free shapes yet animalistic
An art style that flourished in the monasteries of the British Isles in the early Middle Ages. (called Insular) (600-800)
A decorative metalwork technique employing cloisons; also, decorative brickwork in later Byzantine architecture.
medieval, shows a great depth compared to the book of durrow
book of kells
Illuminated and abstract Latin text of four gospels of New Testament, hiberno-saxon, Irish monastery of the kells, ignorant of the Grecco-roman approach.
emperor of 'holy roman empire', ruled most of modern Europe, sought for 'renewal of imperial Rome', spread Christianity through all Europe, started Carolingian
Irish high cross
fancy, Celtic, halo around middle
Under Charlemange's rule (760-850), 'holy roman empire', recaptured the glory of rome and recognized the christian background.
name for the renaissance started by Charlemagne to improve writing and reading in his empire (realized importance of literacy)
Palace Chapel at Aachen
Romanesque, Charlemange's church, Byzantine arch, Germany, based on basilica, uses barrel and groin vaults, dedicated to Virgin Mary
919-1024, named after rulers 'Otto', ruled Italy Germany and Rome
Holy Roman Empire
an empire established in Europe in the 10th century, now Germany and Italy, ruled over Charlemagne
St. Micheal's Church
1001- 1031 Hildesheim Germany. Shows "Westwork". Bronze doors divided into 8 panels on each side. Column with reliefs depicting the life of Christ.
'Gospel books of Charlemagne', very realistic and natural looking image of Matthew
motion-filled pose of Matthew, much more energy and emotion than the coronation gospels (school of Reims)
same people as Ebbo, illustrated psalms, literal approach to Bible, very energetic approach