The bass method is AKA ___.
This method is widely accepted as an effective method for dental biofilm removal adjacent to and directly beneath the gingival margin.
Open embrasures, exposed roots, pts who had periodontal surgery, adaptation to abutment teeth, fixed partial bridges and orthodontic appliences are all indications for _____ method.
When using the bass stroke, one must place the brush head towards the gingival margin to approximately ___degrees.
When doing the bass stroke method one must count at least ____ vibrations while brush is in the sulcus.
An over eager brusher may convert short stroke into vigorous scrubs while using this stroke and this is considered a limitation of the stroke. T/F
With the Bass method the dextertity requirement is low because of the 45 degree angle. T/F
False. It is high because of the angle
Other limitations of the bass method is the brush is hastily and carelessly replaced into the sulcus, and patients tend to roll brush down and over crown prematurely. T/F
This method was designed for massage and stimulation as well as for cleaning the cervical areas; brush ends are placed partly on the gingiva and partly on the cervical areas.
The Stillman Method
In the _____ method one will direct filaments apically, place side of brush on the attached gingiva, and make sure plastic portion of brush head is level with occlusal or incisal plane.
A ______ stillman method incorporates a rolling stroke after a virbratory or rotary phase.
The modification minimizes the possibility of gingival trauma and increase the biofilm removal effects. T/F
The ______ method emphasizes on the importance of prevention. This method's objective is cleanliness through removal of the "film and mucin" from proximal surfaces and gingival massage through mechanical stimuli.
With the _____ method you want to:
- Press lightly to flex the filaments and force tip between teeth.
-Press the sides of filaments against gingival margin.
-Vibrate brush slowly but firmly.
This method emphasizes on cleaning the gingiva and removing biofilm, materia alba, and food debris from teeth without concentration on the gingival sulcus.
Roll stroke method
The ______ method is meant for children with healthy gingiva.
The Roll stroke method is meant for general cleansing in conjunction with the use of virbratory technique (Stillman, Charter, Bass). T/F
What are some limitations for the roll method?
-Brushing too high during initial placement can lacerate the alveolar mucosa
-Tendency to use quick sweeping stroke results n missing the cervical third
-Improper brushing can cause punctuated lesions.
To modify any stroke, one must incorporate a rolling stroke after a vibratory or rotary phase. T/F
The Fones method is AKA ____.
It was advocated by _____, founder of first course for dental hygienist.
Alfred C. Fones
The fones method is recommended for children with primary teeth. T/F
When using the Fones method teeth are open and toothbrush placed inside the cheeks. T/F
False. Teeth are clenched.
Tooth brush is moved in a triangular motion over both maxillary and mandibular gingiva when using the circular method. T/F
False. Tooth brush is moved in a circular motion.
A disadvantage of the Fones method is that in adults it can be detrimental to the gingiva especially those who brush vigorously. T/F
The Fones method is an easy method for children to learn. T/F
The Leonard method is AKA ____.
______ and American Dentist describes this method as the up and down stroke.
With the Vertical stroke the maxillary and mandibular teeth are to be brushed seperately. T/F
When using the Leonard method, teeth are edge-to-edge, toothbrush is placed against the teeth at a wrong angle to the long axis of the tooth. T/F
False. At a right angle
With the vertical method the occlusal or incisal surfaces are avoided in this technique. T/F
An advantage of the Leonard method is that is most convenient for children with deciduous teeth. T/F
A disadvantage of the Leonard method is that interdental spaces of permanent teeth are not properly cleaned. T/F
The _____ method uses an unlimited sweep with a horizantal scrubbing motion with pressure on teeth that are most facially inclined or prominent.
Teeth are clenched together when using the Horizontal method. T/F
Excessive toothbrush abrasion, interdental areas are not touched by this method, dental plaque biofilm can remain undisturbed, these are all _____ of the horizontal method.
An advantage of the horizontal method, is that it provides supragingival cleansing and gingival stimulation. T/F
The _____ method is based on the principle that the toothbrush follows the pattern that food follows when it is in the mouth during mastication.
With the ____ method the bristles are positioned directly onto the occlusal surface, and brush is moved back and forth with the bristles reaching from the occlusal surface to the gingiva.
Two _____ of the smith method is that is a natural self cleansing mechanism, and it is good for supragingival plaque removal.
A ____ of the smith method is that the interdental spaces and sulcus are not properly cleaned.
This method is a combination of horizontal, vertical, and circular strokes, incorporates vibration movements in certain areas, uses light to moderate pressure, and care should be taken with this technique to avoid excessive pressure.
The Scrub method
Gingival recession is a disadvantage of the scrub method. T/F
The scrub method in addition to toothpaste cannot create areas of tooth abrasion. T/F
False. Toothpaste can create areas of tooth abrasion
An _____ of the scrub method is that you can access a variety of surfaces.
The Smith method is considered to be a ______ technique