APGOV chapter 4 supreme court cases

28 terms by Omgkimberly 

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Gins vocabulary

barron v. baltimore

supports the idea that the bill of rights restraints the federal government only, not state or local government

branzburg v. hayes

when the right to a fair trial preempts a writer's rights to protect source

edwards v. aguillard

rejected the teaching of creation science in public schools

engel v. vitale

ruled that recitation of prayer in public school violated the establishment clause

gideon v. wainwright

supreme court ordered states to provide lawyers for everyone accused of a felony

gitlow v. new york

protected freedom of speech and press from "impairment by the states"

gregg v. georgia

said death penalty is "an extreme sanction, suitable to the most extreme of crimes" use in very "extreme crimes," not petty!

griswold v. connecticut

supreme court said that various parts of the bill of rights casts "penumbras" that protect the right to privacy

lemon v. kurtzman

Supreme Court made the Lemon Test. It sent the money to church-schools.

lynch v. donelly

allows religious scenes to be set open public property

mapp v. ohio

incorporated the exclusionary rule to restrict state and local government

mccleskey v. kemp

said death penalty was constitutional and didn't violate 14th amendment because minority defendants were more likely to get death than white ones

miller v. california

established an obscenity test tried to establish material that were obscene

miranda v. arizona

set guidelines for police questioning of suspects

naacp v. alabama

ruled a group's membership list protected by the freedom of association

near v. minnesota

it ruled prior restraint of speech and press to be illegal most of the time

new york times v. sullivan

against a "private person," just need to show defamatory false hood and author was negligent

osborne v. ohio

states may protect children from obscenity, but adults must have legal access to the same materials

planned parenthood v. casey

permits more regulations on abortions

roe v. wade

dividing pregnancy into trimesters

roth v. united states

ruled that obscenity is not protected by speech and press

schenck v. united states

government can limit speech if it provokes a clear and present danger

school district of abington township, pennsylvania v. schempp

recitation of bible passages in public schools violated the establishment clause

texas v. johnson

flag burning is protected

united states v. o'brien

the burning of a draft card is not protected symbolic speech

woodson v. north carolina

ruled against mandatory death penalty

zelman v. simmons-harris

supreme court allowed some families to use vouchers to pay tuition at religious schools

zurcher v. stanford

supports police rights to get a search warrant for the files of a student newspaper

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