5 Written Questions
5 Matching Questions
- Angiotensin II
- Collecting duct
- Juxtamedullary nephrons
- inulin and creatinine
- a Which of the following is not an organ of the urinary system?
b. Collecting duct
d. Urinary bladder
- b In response to a drop in overall blood pressure, _________ stimulates constriction of the glomerular inlet and even greater constriction of the outlet.
b. Sodium chloride
c. Parathyroid hormone
e. Angiotensin II
- c Which are primarily responsible for maintain the salinity gradient of the renal medulla?
a. Cortical nephrons
b. Juxtamedullary nephrons
c. Collecting ducts
d. Proximal convoluted tubules
e. Distal convoluted tubules
- d Which two substances are most useful for determining a patient's glomerular filtration rate?
a. insulin and glucose
b. inulin and creatinine
c. sodium and water
d. albumin and inulin
e. insulin and urea
- e The thick segment of the nephron loop is impermeable to water
5 Multiple Choice Questions
- Glucose and amino acids are reabsorbed from the glomerular filtrate by
a. The renal corpuscle
b. The proximal convoluted tubule
c. The distal convolutes tubule
d. The glomerular capillaries
e. The collecting duct
- Angiotensin converting enzyme is found only in the kidneys and converts angiotensinogen to angiotensin I
- Normal urine from a healthy person can be expected to contain all of the following except:
- In the nephron, the fluid that immediately precedes urine is known as
b. Glomerular filtrate
c. Tubular fluid
d. Renal filtrate
e. Medullary filtrate
- Glomerular capillaries suffer little damage from hypertension because of the protective influence of the afferent arterioles
5 True/False Questions
renal calculi → Lithotripsy is a medical procedure used to treat
a. acute glomerulonephritis.
b. nephrotic syndrome.
c. renal calculi.
e. prostatic hypertrophy.
False → Ethyl (drinking) alcohol stimulates the secretion of ADH, thereby reducing reabsorption by the collecting duct
False → Albuminuria is a common sign of diabetes mellitus
Appearance of that solute in the urine → Total saturation of protein transporters for a given solute in the renal tubules would result in
a. Reabsorption of all the solute
b. A renal clearance of zero
c. A net filtration pressure of 1.0
d. Appearance of that solute in the urine
e. Absence of that solute from the urine
The fibrous capsule → The innermost connective tissue layer protecting the kidney and assisting in staving off infection is known as
a. The perirenal fat capsule
b. The renal fascia
c. The hilum
d. The fibrous capsule
e. The renal medulla