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5 Written Questions

4 Matching Questions

  1. False
  2. Decreased urine volume
  3. Detrusor
  4. True
  1. a Glomerular capillaries suffer little damage from hypertension because of the protective influence of the afferent arterioles
    a. True
    b. False
  2. b Which muscle is located in the bladder?
    a. Detrusor
    b. Distractor
    c. Pubococcygeus
    d. corpus spongiosum
    e. corpus cavernosum
  3. c Which of the following is a direct result of antidiuretic hormones?
    a. Decreased urine volume
    b. Decreased urine molarity
    c. Increased urine volume
    d. Increased urine salinity
    e. Increased urine acidity
  4. d The thick segment of the nephron loop is impermeable to water
    a. True
    b. False

5 Multiple Choice Questions

  1. The minimum daily output of urine to meet the definition of polyuria is:
    a. 0.5 L
    b. 1.0 L
    c. 1.5 L
    d. 2.0 L
    e. 3.0 L
  2. Renin hydrolyzes angiotensinogen released from the _______ to form angiotensin I
    a. Lungs
    b. Kidneys
    c. Liver
    d. Heart
    e. Spleen
  3. In the nephron, the fluid that immediately precedes urine is known as
    a. Plasma
    b. Glomerular filtrate
    c. Tubular fluid
    d. Renal filtrate
    e. Medullary filtrate
  4. Which two substances are most useful for determining a patient's glomerular filtration rate?
    a. insulin and glucose
    b. inulin and creatinine
    c. sodium and water
    d. albumin and inulin
    e. insulin and urea
  5. Which of these form the inner layer of the glomerular capsule and wrap around the capillaries of the glomerulus?
    a. Macula densa cells
    b. Mesangial cells
    c. Nephrocytes
    d. Podocytes
    e. Monocytes

5 True/False Questions

  1. The distal convoluted tubuleBecause of the great deal of active transport that occurs here, the _______ of all the nephrons collectively account for about 6% of one's daily resting ATP and caloric consumption
    a. Proximal convoluted tubules
    b. Distal convolutes tubules
    c. Loops of Henle
    d. Collecting ducts
    e. Glomeruli


  2. TrueParathyroid hormone increases phosphate excretion by the proximal convoluted tubule as well as promotes synthesis of calcitriol
    a. True
    b. False


  3. TrueThe fenestrated endothelium of the capillary has pores small enough to exclude blood cells from the filtrate
    a. True
    b. False


  4. 64%A hospital patient produces 4 mL. min of urine with a urea concentration of 8mg/mL. Venous blood draw reveals urea concentration of .4 mg/mL. What is the percentage of cleared urea from glomerular filrate?
    a. 40%
    b. 56%
    c. 64%
    d. 72%
    e. 80%


  5. FalseThe countercurrent multiplier mechanism for water conservation was discovered by limiting studies to humans and thus hypothesizing how form determines function
    a. True
    b. False


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