high ranking nobleman who succeeded his uncle to the throne of the eastern empire
when justinian gained power
in effort to regain rome's fading glory
why did justian send belisarius to north africa?
When did justian send belisarius to north africa?
best general of justinian
people invading north africa who were overthrown by belisarius and his forces in north africa
attacked rome and seized it from the ostrogoths
group who belisarius attacked in rome in 535
in 16 years, how many times did rome
his armies won nearly all of italy and parts of spain
ruled almost all of the territory that rome had ever ruled
ruled like the old caesars with absolute power
headed both state and church
apointed and dismissed bishops
panel of experts
used in order to regulate byzantiums complex society
the panel of experts
comved through 400 years of roman law and created a single, uniform code
a single, uniform code that consists of four works
contained nearly 5,000 roman laws that were still considered useful for the byzantine empire
quoted and summarized the opinons of rome's greatest legal thinkers about the laws.
this massive work ran to a total of 50 volumes
a textbook that told law students how to use the laws
presented legislation passed after 534
means "new laws"
the justinian code
decided legal questions that regulated whole areas of byzantine life
marriage, slavery, property, inheritance, women's rights, and criminal justice
examples of areas of byzantine life regulated by the justinian code
year justinian died
how long did the justinian code serve for the empire?
the most ambitious building program ever seen in the roman world
while justinians scholars were creating the legal code, what did he launch?
14 mile stone wall
what did justinian construct along the city's coastline
viewed churchs as the most visible sign in connection between church and state
a church with the same name of hagia sofia was destroyed when
What did justinian enlarge his palace to?
main street running through constantinople
means "the middle way"
these lined the main street and filled the side streets
asia, africa, europe
products from what regions passed through the merchant stalls on the streets?
where citizens of constantinople enjoyed free entertainment
offered performance acts and chariot races
comes from the greek word meaning "horse" or "racecourse"
what was the capacity of the hippodrome
when did the nika rebellion began
riots demanding the overtrow of justinian
he broke up the nika rebellion
how many rebels were killed in the nika rebellion
who encouraged justinian not to leave during the nika rebellion?
When did the plague of justinian stop breaking out completely?
these people overran justinian's conquests in the west
avars, slavs, and bulgars
peoples that made frequent raids on the northern borders of the byzantine empire
attacked Constantinople in 674 and 717
attempted invasions between 860 and 1043
took over the muslim worlds and slowly fought their way into the byzantine empire in the 11th century
bribes, diplomacy, politcal marriages, and military power
what did the byzantines use to keep their enemies at bay?
he reorganized the empire along the military lines in the 7th century
what did provinces/military districts become
ran by a general who reported directly to the emperor
under the impact of foreign attacks
how did the byzantine empire shrink
by when was the empire reduced to the tip of anatolia and the strip of the balkans?
when did the byzantine empire fall to the ottoman turks
the walls, fleet, and strategic location
why did constantinople last another 100 years
built its heritage on the works of early church fathers
wrote rules for the life of the moks around 357
saint john chrysotom
bishop of constantinople from 398 to 404--meaning the patriarch
leading bishop of the east that still bowed to the emperor
emperor leo III
he banned use of icons in 730
religious symbols used by the eastern christians to aid their devotions
he viewed the icons as ideal worship
declaring someone to be an outcast of the church
when the church excommunicated each other
missionaries from the orthodox church
took their form of christianity to the slavs
saint methodius and saint cyril
two of the most famous eastern missionaires who invented an alphabet for slavic languagues