How did buffalo impact the prairie? (3)
consumedvegetation, trampled plants and created muddy wallows.
Why did elk disappear?
farms and ranches created too big of a disturbance.
List some ways in which pocket gopher tunnels affect the prairie. (4)
mounds, pull plants by roots, biomass changes and burrow systems.
How can badgers catch gophers?
Strong feet and claws.
List some nocturnal mammals. (3)
red fox, coyotes, striped skunks.
Meadow voles work well in litter work until what happens?
They are discovered by a weasel.
Deer mice numbers fluctuate easily, why?
How can shrews kill larger animals?
They have poisonous glands
What is a booming ground?
What is the most common bird in Minnesota?
Where are grouse from?
When do Western Chorus Frogs start singing?
when open water appears in Spring
Why are leopard frogs declining? (3)
killed by traffic, over-harvest, red-leg disease
Where might you find a tiger salamander?
Why do garther snakes writh together?
What does the hognose snake do to avoid predators? (3)
Cobra stance, play dead and strike repeatedly.
Hatch, move to MN, find milkweed, lay eggs, caterpillar, coccoon, butterfly.
Two reasons dung beetles roll and bury dung?
Food and nesting
What happened to Minnesota prairies?
All got plowed over
Early settlers avoided farming because ______ did not grow there.
This plant structure allows plants to survive fires.
Microbial activity as this goes up?
Most of the biomass is in what plant structure?
Fire discorages this type of plants?
Indian grass and compass plants characterize what type of prairie?
Prairie cord and blue joint grass characterize ______?
Hairy Graa and sand reed grass characterize ______?
This animal has unique mima mounds
Type of goldenrod with galls
When do gall flies lay eggs?
Circular galls from on _____ trees?
Weird looking galls form on ______ trees?
Grass with light open panicle
Round to flattened cluster of golden flower heads
Numerous purple ray flowers with yellow central disk
New England Aster