Geographic Terms pt 1

Created by rroyster 

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Archipelago

a large group of islands

Basin

all the land drained by a river and its tributaries

Bay

an arm of a sea or lake, extending into the land, usually smaller than a gulf

Canal

a waterway built to connect two other bodies of water

Canyon

a deep valley with steep sides

Cape

a point of land extending from the coastline into the sea or a lake

Cliff

a high, steep face of rock or earth

Coast

land along a sea or an ocean

Dam

a wall built across a river to hold back the water

Delta

land at the mouth of a river, made of sand and silt, usually shaped like a triangle

Desert

a very dry area where few plants grow

Dune

a hill, mound, or ridge of sand formed by the wind

Glacier

a large body of ice that moves very slowly over the land or down a valley

Gulf

an arm of a sea or lake extending into the land, usually larger than a bay

Harbor

a protected place on an ocean, sea, lake, or river where ships can anchor safely

Hill

a rounded and raised landform, not as high as a mountain

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