named after Pales, goddess of the shepherds; first home of the Latins; wealthy eventually lived here
"caput"-head; Temple of Jupiter (like Zeus)
plebeians-modern people; crime
home to wealthy in the Republican times
former home of the Sabines
small valley at the bottom of the Capitoline and Palatine hills; became the meeting place for all Romans; public announcements made here, markets, triumphs, vendors, senate house, etc.