Accounting General Journal, 9E: Chapter 06

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Work Sheet for a Service Business

fiscal period

the length of time for which a business summarizes and reports financial information

work sheet

a columnar accounting form used to summarize the general ledger information needed to prepare financial statements

trial balance

a proof of the quality of debits and credits in a general ledger

adjustments

changes recorded on a work sheet to update general ledger accounts at the end of a fiscal period

balance sheet

a financial statement that reports assets, liabilities, and owner's equity on a specific date

income statement

a financial statement showing the revenue and expenses for a fiscal period

net income

the difference between total revenue and total expenses when total revenue is greater

net loss

the difference between total revenue and total expenses when total expenses are greater

What is written on the three-line heading on a work sheet?

Name of Company
Name of Report
Date of Report

How are general ledger accounts listed in the Trial Balance columns of a work sheet?

General ledger account titles are listed on a trial balance in the same order as they are listed on the chart of accounts.

Explain how the concept of Matching Expenses with Revenue relates to adjustments.

An expense should be reported in the same fiscal period that is used to produce revenue.

List the four questions asked in analyzing an adjustment on a work sheet.

What is the balance of the account?
What should the balance be for this account?
What must be done to correct the account balance?
What adjustment is made?

Which accounts are extended into the Balance Sheet columns of the work sheet?

Asset, liability, and owner's equity accounts

Which accounts are extended into the Income Statement columns of the work sheet?

Revenue and expense accounts

In which Balance Sheet column do you record net income on the work sheet?

Balance Sheet Credit column.

In which Balance Sheet column do you record net loss on the work sheet?

Balance Sheet Debit column.

What is the first step in checking for arithmetic errors when two column totals are not in balance?

Subtract the smaller total from the larger total to find the difference.

What is one way to check for an error caused by transposed numbers?

The difference between two column totals can be divided evenly by 9.

What term is used to describe an error that occurs when numbers are moved to the right or left in an amount column?

A slide.

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