West Side Story
The Jets (Riff is the leader) and Sharks (Bernardo is the leader) are in an ongoing rivalry. A former Jet, Tony, falls in love with Bernardo's sister, Maria. Bernardo kills Riff, Tony kills Bernardo, and Chino (Maria's suitor) kills Tony. Popular songs include "Tonight" and "Gee, Officer Krupke".
The Phantom of the Opera
At the Paris Opera in 1881, the mysterious Phantom lures the soprano Christine Daae to his lair. Christine falls in love with the opera's new patron, Raoul, so the Phantom drops a chandelier and kidnaps Christine. They kiss, but he disappears, leaving behind only his white mask.
My Fair Lady
A phonetics professor named Henry Higgins transforms a "cockney flower girl" named Eliza Doolittle into a proper lady as a part of a bet with his friend Colonel Pickering.
A band of cats roam the streets of London. Members include Rum Tum Tugger, Mungojerrie, Rumpleteazer, Mr. Mistoffelees, and Old Deuteronomy. Old Deuteronomy chooses a cat (Grizabella) to be reborn.
Juan Peron becomes President of Argentina and his wife, Eva, becomes popular because of her charity work. Eva then dies of cancer.
The Mikado [Emperor of Japan] has made flirting a capital crime in Titipu, so the people have appointed an ineffectual executioner named Ko-Ko. Ko-Ko's ward, Yum-Yum, marries the wandering musician Nanki-Poo, and the two lovers fake their execution. The Mikado visits the town and forgives the lovers of their transgression.
The Sound of Music
Maria is a woman studying to be a nun in Austria during WW2. She becomes the governess of seven children of Captain von Trapp. They fall in love and get married at the end. Popular songs include "Do, Re, Mi" and "My Favorite Things".
Fiddler on the Roof
Tevye is a lowly Jewish milkman in Tsarist Russia ("If I Were a Rich Man"), and his daughters are anxious to get married ("Matchmaker"). Tzeitel marries the tailor Motel ("Sunrise, Sunset," "The Bottle Dance"), Hodel gets engaged to the radical student Perchik, and Chava falls in love with a Russian named Fyedka. The families then leave their village, Anatevka, after a pogrom.
On the eve of Oklahoma's statehood, cowboy Curly McLain and sinister farmhand Judd compete for the love of Aunt Eller's niece, Laurey. Judd falls on his own knife after attacking Curly, and Curly and Laurey get married. A subplot concerns Ado Annie, who chooses cowboy Will Parker over the Persian peddler Ali Hakim. Featuring the songs "Oh What a Beautiful Mornin'" and "Oklahoma," it is often considered the first modern book musical.
Cabaret is set in the seedy Kit-Kat Club in Weimar Berlin, where the risqué Master of Ceremonies presides over the action ("Wilkommen"). The British lounge singer Sally Bowles falls in love with the American writer Cliff Bradshaw, but the two break up as the Nazis come to power.