a policy of extending a country's power and influence through diplomacy or military force
Alfred T. Mahan
admiral in U.S. navy, wrote The Influence of Sea Power Upon History (1890) - said we need to control seas to be super power
1820: missionaries arrive
1840s: want Pearl Harbor as military base
1893: Stanford B Dole: overthrew queen
Cleveland rejects annexation
19117: queen dies; Hawaii annexed by Wilson
(r) senator - published Big Sister policy - aimed to rally the Latin American nations behind America's leadership and to open Latin American markets to American traders.
highest tax ever, American farmers tried to overcome this by annexing Hawaii to use their sugar plantations
1887, a treaty with the native government guaranteed naval-base rights at Pearl Harbor.
February 15, 1898 - Maine blew up in the Havana port. The Spanish investigators deduced that it was an accident (spontaneous combustion in one of the coal bunkers) - American investigators claimed that Spain had sunk it. War was calling*
De Lome Letter
Hearst's Journal published a private letter written by the Spanish minister in Washington, Dupuy de Lome in 1898. The letter, which degraded President McKinley, forced Dupuy de Lome to resign.
Roosevelt called upon Commodore George Dewey's 6-ship fleet to descend upon Spain's Philippines in the event of war. On May 1, 1898, Dewey slipped by detection at night and attacked and destroyed the 10-ship Spanish fleet at Manila.
The "Rough Riders," apart of the invading army, was a regiment of volunteers consisting of cowboys and ex-athletes. Commanded by Colonel Leonard Wood, the group was organized principally by Theodore Roosevelt. On July 1st, fighting broke out at El Caney and San Juan Hill, up which Colonel Roosevelt and his Rough Riders charged.
led the rebellion on February 4, 1899, the Filipinos erupted against the occupying United States forces after the Senate refused to pass a bill giving the Filipinos their independence, American soldiers captured him in 1901
Dewy attacks in Manila on May 1, 1898 destroying the Spanish 10 ship fleet with USA 6 ships
Completely captured: Aug 13, 1898- payed Spain 20 mil
The U.S. forced the Cubans to write their own constitution of 1901 (the Platt Amendment). The constitution decreed that the United States might intervene with troops in Cuba in order to restore order and to provide mutual protection. The Cubans also promised to sell or lease needed coaling or naval stations to the U.S.
Congress gave the Puerto Ricans a limited degree of popular government and, in 1917, granted them U.S. citizenship. The American regime in Puerto Rico worked wonders in education, sanitation, transportation, and other improvements.
Open Door Policy
Sec. of State, John Hay - urged the powers to announce that in their leaseholds or spheres of influence they would respect certain Chinese rights and the ideal of fair competition. The note asked all those who did not have thieving designs to stand up and be counted. Italy was the only major power to accept the Open Door unconditionally and Russia was the only major power not to accept it.
"Big Stick" Policy
Direct actionist - He had no real respect for the checks and balances system among the 3 branches of government. He felt that he may take any action in the general interest that is not specifically forbidden by the laws of the Constitution.
In 1904 the construction of the Panama Canal began, and in 1914 it was completed at a cost of $400 million
The treaty gave the U.S. control of a 10-mile zone around the proposed Panama Canal.
The Roosevelt Corollary to the Monroe Doctrine declared that in the event of future monetary problems of Latin American countries with European countries, the U.S. could pay off the Latin American counties' debts to keep European nations out of Latin America, these countries were not "huge" fans because they thought it was US excuse to intervene
TR broke the deadlock and the Californians were persuaded to repeal the segregation and agreed to stop flow of immigrants