Biology DNA/RNA

37 terms by npiatak7 

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Number of sugar molecules in DNA section containing 3 base pairs.

six

Carbohydrate subunit of a polysaccharide Polymer.

sugar

Name of sugar found in DNA not RNA.

deoxyribose

Base triplet in M-RNA that specifies a particular amino acid.

codon

Molecule found in all DNA and RNA nucleotides

phosphate

Structural subunit (building block) of DNA and RNA.

nucleotide

Tyrosine's anticodon in AUA, what is DNA base triplet for its codon?

ATA

Formed during dehydration synthesis or condensation polymerization.

water

Synthesis of M-RNA strand from DNA strand inside nucleus.

Transcription

If the anticodon for lysine is UUU, what is its codon?

AAA

Pyrimidine base found in DNA and RNA

cytosine

Total number of different bases found in RNA.

four

Organelle site within cell where protein synthesis occurs.

Ribosome

Base triplet of T-RNA recognizing complementary base triplet on M-RNA

Anticodon

Purine base that always pairs up with cytosine.

Guanine

Pyrimidine base found in DNA but not RNA.

Thymine

Number of purine bases in DNA molecule with nine base pairs.

Nine

Number of different amino acids coded by DNA in human protein.

Twenty

Total number of different bases found in DNA and RNA

Five

Name for large bases containing two carbon-nitrogen rings

Purine

Acid subunit of protein polymer

Amino

Considering that bases A,G & C, DNA and T-RNA are _____ to each other.

Identical

Considering the bases A, G & C and M-RNA _____to each other.

Complimentary

Number of bases in M-RNA code that specify one amino acid molecule.

Three

Conversion of M-RNA strand into amino acid sequence at ribosome.

Translation

Chain of many amino acids linked together.

Polypeptide

Number of phosphate in DNA molecule with eight base pairs.

eight

Name for small bases containing one carbon-nitrogen ring.

Pyrimidine

If the codon for Methionine is AUG, what is its anticodon.

UAC

Pyrimidine base found in RNA but not DNA.

Uracil

Number of pyrimidines in DNA molecule with 8 base pairs.

eight

Precise site of ribosomal-RNA synthesis in the cell.

Nucleolus

An altered DNA sequence in a gene resulting in a misspelled M-RNA.

mutation

Total # of different arrangements in DAN molecule with two base pairs.

Sixteen

Purine base that pairs up with thymine and Uracil.

Adenine

Name of sugar found in RNA but not DNA

RIbose

Section of DNA that forms particular strand of messenger RNA.

Gene

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