The Biology of Mind; The Brain

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Brainstem

Responsible for many automatic survival functions

Medulla

Controls heartbeat and breathing

Reticular Formation

Important part in controlling arousal

Thalamus

Sensory switchboard directs messages to cerebellum and medulla

Limbic System

Associated with emotions just as fear and aggression and food and sex drive.

Amygdala

Linked to emotion almond shaped very small

Hypothalamus

Helps govern the endocrine system via the pituitary gland linked to emotion

Cerebral Cortex

Body's ultimate control and information processing center

Glial Cells

Support, nourish, and protect neurons previously underestimated

Frontal Lobes

Involved in speaking, muscle movements, making plans and judgments

Temporal Lobes

Includes the auditory areas each of which receives auditory information from the opposite ear

Parietal Lobes

Portion of the cerebral cortex lying at the top of the head and toward the rear; includes the sensory cortex

Sensory Cortex

Area at the front of the parietal lobes that registers and processes body sensation

Association Areas

Areas that are involved in higher mental functions such as learning, remembering, thinking and speaking

Broca's Area

Controls language and expression the ability to form sentences

Wernicke's Area

Controls language and reception the ability to process language

Corpus Callosum

Connects the brain hemispheres and allows messages across hemispheres

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