signs used in the measure to raise or lower the pitch of a note; flat, sharp, double flat, double sharp or natural
Vertical lines on the staff which create measuring to organize beats into groups
Three or more pitches played at the same time to create a harmony
A kind of scale which includes every possible pitch...all of them being a semitone (half step) apart
Time for the most "commonly" used time signature in music; 4/4.
The component of music which refers to the volume or the degree of loudness or softness
Those parts of notes that have different names, are written at a different location on the staff but are played and sound the same. Example: A#=Bb, C#=Db, D#=Eb, F#=Gb, G#=Ab, Cb=B, E#=F
The sign which lowers the pitch of a note by a semitone
An Italian term of dynamics which means to play loud (translation is "strong")
When two or more pitches are sounding at the same time as in the three notes of a chord
The music distance between two pitches. It is calculated by counting all the lines and spaces in between and including 2 notes; C to E is a 3rd, C to G is a 5th
Refers to singing or playing "in tune" or how accurately the pitches "match"
The sharps and flats at the start of piece of music which establish the tonal rules or "key"
Short lines drawn above or below the staff to show pitches which are too high or too low to be drawn directly on the staff can also be spelled ledger
A series of pitches preformed one after another versus harmony
An accidental sign which cancels a previous flat or sharp. It returns the pitch to its normal or natural sound
The interval of the two pitches at bottom and top of the scale or an "eighth". The top pitch is twice the frequency of the bottom.
An Italian term of dynamics which means to play soft
The "High" or "low" quality of a musical tone which is scientifically determined by its frequency
these are "map" signs which tell the performer to go back to a particular spot in the music. There are two basic types measure repeats and section repeats.
The component of music which determines how music moves through time. This includes the note calues and their rests, the way beats are organized into measures and the tempo
A very specific arrangement of pitches in a certain order. Key signatures are directly related to the scales. There are two basic types major and minor.
A sign which raises the pitch of a note by a semitone
The horizontal lines and spaces on which note values are written to show pitch
A special rhythmic effect that shifts the emphasis or accent from directly "on the beat" to the off beat
The rate of speed of a piece of music. The aspect of rhythm which tells us how fast or slow to play.
An articulation instruction to completely connect notes of the same pitch into continuous tone.