The Food and Nutrition Board of the National Academies defines _______ as non-digestible carbohydrates that occur naturally in plant foods.
The Food and Nutrition Board of the National Academies defines ________ as non-digestible carbohydrate that has been either isolated from natural sources or synthesized in a lab and then added to a food product or supplement.
health benefits of fiber
reduces risk of colon cancer; helps manage diabetes and blood cholesterol levels; reduces risk of hemorrhoids
_____________ are water-soluble vitamins.
Biotin, Folate, Niacin, Pantothenic acid, Riboflavin, Thiamin, B-6, B-12, C
true statements about vitamins
regulate various processes within living cells, excess vitamins come out in urine
inorganic compounds needed in small amounts for the regulation, growth, and maintenance of body tissues and functions
As part of total adequate daily water intake, an adult female should drink about ______ cups of fluid.
As part of total adequate daily water intake, an adult male should drink about _____ cups of fluid.
help protect the body by blocking the formation and action of free radicals and repairing the damage they cause
naturally occurring substance found in plant foods that may help prevent and treat chronic diseases
vegetables of cabbage family with flower petals of the plants in the shape of a cross (EX-cabbage, broccoli, brussels sprouts, kale, and cauliflower)
case when supplements might be recommended by the Food and Nutrition Board
taking too large of a does of vitamins is bad for you
Dietary Guidelines for Americans
consume variety of nutrient-dense foods, control calorie intake, be physically active every day, increase daily intake of foods from important food groups, limit saturated and trans fat, choose good carbs, limit salt, limit alcohol consumption, keep foods safe
good strategies for reducing saturated and trans fat intake
moderation; lean meat; fat-free/low-fat milk; use vegetable oil; season with spices instead of sauces
The Food and Nutrition Board set a goal of reducing sodium intake to less than __________ mg per day.
portions that count as 1 ounce-equivalent of grains
1 slice of bread; 1 small muffin; 1 cup ready-to-eat cereal flakes; 1/2 cup cooked cereal, rice, grains or pasta; 1 6-inch tortilla
How many cups of vegetables per day are recommended by USDA's MyPyramid for someone on a 2000-calorie diet?
2 1/2 cups
How many cups of fruit per day are recommended by USDA's MyPyramid for someone on a 2000-calorie diet?
TF: A diet high in dietary fiber has been shown to combat diabetes and high cholesterol levels.
TF: To maintain fluid balance, the average person needs to consume approximately 6 cups of water a day.
TF: Following any type of vegetarian diet requires the use of dietary supplements such as fiber pills.
TF: Sports drinks are a good choice as a fluid replacement for activities lasting longer than 90 minutes.