Nursing Care of Pts with Lower Respiratory Tract Disorders

34 terms by vgichohi

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Adjuvant

Something that assists something else, such as a second form of tx added to treat a disease.

Anergy

Diminished ability of the immune system to react to an antigen.

Antitussive

An agent that prevents or relieves cough.

Atelectasis

Collapsed or airless condition of the lung or portion of lung, caused by obstruction or hypoventilation.

Atypical

Deviating from normal.

Bleb

An irregularly shaped of the skin, such as a blister. May also occur in lung tissue.

Bronchiectasis

Chronic dilation of a bronchus or bronchi, usually associated with secondary infection and excessive sputum production.

Bronchitis

Inflammation of the mucous membrane of the bronchial airways; may be viral or bacterial.

Bronchodilator

A drug that expands the bronchial tubes by relaxing bronchial smooth muscle.

Bronchospasm

Spasm of the bronchial smooth muscle resulting in narrowing of the airways; associated with asthma and bronchitis.

Bulla

A large blister or skin lesion filled with fluid. May also occur in lung tissue.

Compliance

The ability to alter size or shape in response to an outside force; the ability of the lungs to distend.

Ectopic

The hormones secreted from sites other than the gland where they would normally be found.

Embolism

Foreign substance or blood clot that travels through the circulatory system until it obstructs a vessel.

Emphysema

Distention of interstitial tissue by gas or air; chronic pulmonary disease marked by a terminal bronchiole and alveolar destruction and air trapping.

Empyema

Pus in a body cavity, especially the pleural space.

Exacerbation

Aggravation of symptoms.

Expectorant

Agent that promotes removal of pulmonary secretions.

Exudate

Accumulated fluid in a cavity; oozing of pus or serum; often the result of inflammation.

Hemoptysis

Coughing up of blood from the respiratory tract.

Hemothorax

Blood in the pleural space; may be associated with trauma, tuberculosis, or pneumonia.

Hypostatic

Which pneumonia occurs from congestion in the lungs associated with lack of activity.

Immunocompromised

Having an immune system that is not capable of reacting to a pathogen or tissue damage.

Induration

Area of hardened tissue.

Lobectomy

Surgical removal of a lobe of any organ or gland.

Mucolytic

Agent that liquefies sputum.

Paradoxical respirations

Chest movement on respiration that is opposite to that expected.

Pleurodesis

Creation of adhesions between the parietal and visceral pleura to treat recurrent pneumothorax.

Pneumonectomy

Surgical removal of all or part of a lung.

Pneumothorax

Air in the pleural space.

Polycythemia

Excessive red cells in the blood.

Status asthmaticus

Prolonged period of unrelieved asthma symptoms.

Tachypnea

Abnormally rapid respiratory rate.

Thoracotomy

Surgical incision into the chest wall.

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