the transfer of energy by electromagnetic waves.
the transfer of thermal energy by the movement of fluid.
1. the transfer of thermal energy from one particle of matter to another. 2. a method of charging an object by allowing electrons to flow by direct contact from one object to another object.
the measurement of how much mass of a substance is contained ina given volume. D= m/v
the movement of a fluid, caused by differences in temperature, that transfers heat from one part of the fluid to another.
any of the common minerals that make up most of the rocks of earth's crust.
the particles of minerals or other rocks that give a rock its texture.
the look and feel of a rock's surface.
a type of rock that forms from the cooling of molten rock at or below the surface.
a type of rock that forms when particles from other rocks or the remains of plants and animals are pressed and cemented together.
a type of rock that forms from an existing rock that is changed by heat, pressure, or chemical reactions.
small, solid pieces of material that come from rocks or the remains of organisms; earth materials deposited by erosion.
the chemical and physical processes that break down rock and other substances.
the process by which water, ice, wind, or gravity moves weathered particles of rock and soil.
process in which sediment is laid down in new locations.
the process by which sediments are pressed together under their own weight.
the process by which dissolved minerals crystallize and glue particles of sediment together into one mass.
sedimentary rock that forms when rock fragments are squeezed together under high pressure.
sedimentary rock that forms from remains of organisms deposited in thick layers.
sedimentary rock that forms when minerals crystallize from a solution.
a series of processes on the surface and inside Earth that slowly changes rocks from one kind to another.
igneous rock that forms from lava on Earth's surface.
igneous rock that forms when magma hardens beneath Earth's surface.
term used to describe metamorphic rocks that have grains arranged in parallel layers or bands.
vibrations that travel through Earth carrying the energy released during an earthquake.
the force pushing on a surface divided by the area of that surface.
the layer of rock that forms Earth's outer surface.
a dark, dense, igneous rock with a fine texture, found in oceanic crust.
a usually light-colored igneous rock that is found in continental crust.
the layer of hot, solid material between Earth's crust and core.
the soft layer of the mantle on which the lithosphere floats.
a layer of molten iron and nickel that surrounds the inner core of Earth.
a dense sphere of solid iron and nickel at the center of Earth.
A rigid layer made up of the uppermost part of the mantle and crust.