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These words commonly appear in many state standardized tests. The word list originates from "The Word Up Project."

abolish

cancel; put an end to

absurd

ridiculous

abuse

cruel or inhumane treatment

access

a way of entering or leaving

accomplish

to do something by making an effort; to complete successfully

achievement

something done that takes skill or effort

aggressive

ready to attack or start fights; acting in a hostile way

alternate

go back and forth

altitude

height above sea level

antagonist

An opponent; one who opposes or competes

antonym

a word that means the opposite of another word

anxious

worried; concerned

apparent

obvious

approximate

be close or similar

aroma

a pleasant smell

assume

to take for granted; to suppose

astound

to surprise; to amaze

available

ready for use, at hand

avalanche

a slide of large masses of snow and ice and mud down a mountain

banquet

a ceremonial dinner party for many people

beverage

A liquid used as a drink

bland

mild; tasteless; dull

blizzard

a storm with widespread snowfall accompanied by strong winds

budge

to move or shift.

bungle

make a mess of, destroy or ruin

cautiously

carefully

challenge

Something difficult to accomplish

character

a person or animal in a story

combine

add together from different sources

companion

person who goes along with another

crave

to have an extremely strong desire for something

compassion

Sympathy for another's suffering; pity

compensate

do or give something to somebody in return

comply

to do as one is asked or ordered

compose

to make up

concept

an idea or principle

confident

sure of yourself

convert

to change from one form to another

course

a line or route along which something travels or moves

courteous

polite and gracious; considerate toward others; well-mannered

debate

discuss the pros and cons of an issue

decline

a gradual decrease

dedicate

To set aside for a certain purpose.

deprive

to take or keep something away from someone

detect

to discover something not easily noticed

dictate

to give orders

document

a written or printed record that gives information or proof

duplicate

identically copied from an original

edible

any substance that can be used as food

endanger

to expose to danger

escalate

to elevate, to increase in intensity

evade

To avoid, dodge

exasperate

to irritate, annoy, or anger

excavate

find by digging in the ground

exert

make a great effort at a mental or physical task

exhibit

something shown to the public

exult

feel extreme happiness or elation

frigid

extremely cold

gigantic

huge, giant, immense

gorge

a deep ravine (usually with a river running through it)

guardian

one who protects

hazy

unclear, misty; not readily seen or understandable

hearty

healthy; strong

homonym

a word spelled exactly like another word, but having a different meaning

identical

exactly alike

illuminate

to light up; make clear

immense

very large or great

impressive

exceptionally good

independent

someone who does things on his or her own

industrious

hardworking; not lazy

intense

showing great concentration or determination

intercept

to stop something from reaching its intended destination

jubilation

a feeling or expression of great joy

kin

one's relatives

luxurious

providing ease and comfort far beyond what is ordinary or necessary

major

more important, bigger or more serious than others of the same type

miniature

small; tiny

minor

of lesser importance or stature or rank

mischief

behavior that causes problems for others

monarch

a person who rules over a kingdom or empire

moral

relating to principles of right and wrong

myth

a traditional story accepted as history

narrator

someone who tells a story

navigate

direct carefully and safely

negative

bad or harmful

nonchalant

calm, casual, unconcerned

numerous

A large number; very many

oasis

an area in the desert with a water source

obsolete

out-of-date, no longer in use

occasion

a special event

overthrow

to end the rule of; to defeat, often by using force

pardon

legal forgiveness of a crime

pasture

a field of growing grass where animals can eat; a meadow

pedestrian

a person who travels by foot

perish

to die

petrify

turn to stone; cause to become stonelike; stun or paralyze

portable

capable of being easily carried

prefix

a syllable added to the beginning of a word

preserve

keep in safety and protect from harm, decay, loss, or destruction

protagonist

main character

provide

To give what is needed; to supply

purchase

to buy

reassure

to make less worried or fearful; to comfort

reign

to rule as a queen or king

reliable

Able to be depended on; trustworthy

require

make someone do something

resemble

To be like or similar to.

retain

keep in one's mind

retire

To stop working because one has reached a certain age

revert

go back to a previous state

route

The path that must be followed to get to a place

saunter

to stroll; walk in an easy, leisurely way

seldom

not often

senseless

foolish; pointless; ridiculous

sever

to separate, divide into parts

slither

to move with a sliding, side-to-side motion of the body

sluggish

slow and lazy

soar

the act of rising upward into the air

solitary

being alone; lacking the company of others

solo

any activity that is performed alone without assistance

sparse

thinly scattered

spurt

to shoot out quickly in a stream

strategy

an overall plan of action

suffix

a letter or syllable added to the end of a word

suffocate

deprive of oxygen and prevent from breathing

summit

the top point of a mountain or hill

suspend

to stop; to put on hold

synonym

A word that means the same as another word

talon

a sharp hooked claw especially on a bird of prey

taunt

to make fun of in an insulting way

thrifty

careful about money; economical

translate

restate (words) from one language into another language

tropical

very hot and humid climate

visible

able to be seen

visual

having to do with sight or seeing

vivid

bright, distinct, and clear

wilderness

An area where there are few people living; an area still in its natural state

withdraw

take back; remove

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