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B. Watson believed that psychology should be the science of:

observable behavior

In classical conditioning, the learned response to a previously neutral stimulus is called the:

conditioned response (CR).

Walter was bitten by a dog when he was five-years-old. To this day, he will not pet dogs; however, he will pet cats. This reaction best illustrates:

discrimination

The law of effect states that rewarded behavior is likely to recur and is this psychologist's principle.

Thorndike

The law of effect is most clearly highlighted by

Skinner's experiments on reinforcement.

You received a great money-saving credit card offer in the mail complete with a rewards program. You read on further to find that the one dollar for every mile spent may not be such a great offer after all since getting a $500.00 airline ticket only happens after you acquire 25,000 miles or spend $25,000. This is a ________ schedule.

fixed-ratio

Which pioneering learning researcher highlighted the antisocial effects of aggressive models on children's behavior?

Bandura

In Bandura's experiment, compared to children not exposed to the adult model, those who observed the model's aggressive outburst were ________________ to lash out at the doll.

much more likely

Johnny is "hammering" the nail in with his toy hammer as his father is hammering the deck boards. His behavior is a clear example of:

modeling

In his experiments, Pavlov found that spontaneous recovery often occurred after a conditioned response was extinguished if:

after a few hours without the CS or the US, the tone was presented again.

Jane had leukemia as a child and had to undergo numerous bouts of chemotherapy. The chemotherapy always made her nauseous. As she underwent a year of treatment, the waiting room started to make her nauseous. The chemotherapy is the:

unconditioned stimulus.

All of the following are Pavlov's major contributions to the field of psychology EXCEPT:

his methods demonstrated the importance of subjective judgments.

The law of effect is most clearly highlighted by:

Skinner's experiments on reinforcement.

Nannette's daughter refused to brush her teeth and threw her toys across the room. Nannette gave her daughter a 20-minute time-out. This is an example of:

negative punishment.

At work, there is a vending machine that gives extra candy bars when you select either the "A" or "B" choices. You continue to frequent this machine regularly. This best illustrates:

operant conditioning.

An empathic husband who observes his wife in pain will exhibit some of the same brain activity she is showing. This best illustrates the functioning of:

mirror neurons.

When a four-year-old girl suddenly picks up her ironing board and plays it like it is an electric guitar, it is likely that she has seen someone playing a real electric guitar in the same manner. Thus she has learned via:

observation.

In Bandura's experiment, compared to children not exposed to the adult model, those who observed the model's aggressive outburst were ________________ to lash out at the doll.

much less likely

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