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Back muscle spasms

caused by direct blow - back cramps

protrusion

pain down and out from pressure on spinal cord - slight movement of spinal fluid from disc

prolapse

outside bulging of the disc

extruded

ruptured disc - barely coming out

sequestrated

ruptured and leaking out into epidural space

sciatica

aciatic nerve is compressed - numb, tingling, burning back of the knee

lordosis

overcurve in lower back - weak muscles, poor posture,(ant)

kyphosis

overcurve upper back - humpback weak muscles poor posture

spondyoloysis

fx in either L4 or L5 vertebrae

spondyololisthesis

sliding b/c of lack of fusion in L4 and L5

scoliosis

lateral spine curvature - disproportional muscles (poster)

SI Joint problems

pressure causes pain at PSIS - but not a spinal injury (sacroliliac)

spinal stenosis

compression of spinal cord - disc problem (no muscles)

wryneck (acute torticollis)

stiff neck - sleeping wrong

brachial plexus stretch

tramuma and compression, neck - arms numb and pain

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