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ankylosis

condition of stiffness and immobility of a joint

osteoarthritis

chronic inflammation of bones and joints due to degererative changes in cartilage

gouty arthritis

inflamation of joints caused by excessive uric acid accumulation

leiomyoma

malignant tumor of smooth muscle

atrophy

wasting away (no development) of muscle

calcium and phosphorus

Two mineral substances necessary for proper development of bones are (spelling)

diaphysis

The shaft of a long bone is called the ____.(spelling)

epiphysis

The end of a long bone are called the ____.(spelling)

cartilage

The bones of a fetus are mainly composed of _____ tissue. (spelling)

osteoblasts

During bone development, immature bone cells called_____produce bony tissure.(spelling)

trabecular

Red bone marrow is found in spongy or ______bone. (spelling)

periosteum

The strong membrane surrounding the surface of a bone is the _____.(spelling)

compact bone

Hard, dense bone tissue lying under the periosteum is called___.(spelling)

orthopedist

The physician who treats bones and bone diseases is a _____.(spelling)

haversian canals

Series of bone canals containing blood vessels are the ____.(spelling)

ligament

Connective tissue that binds to other bones is a____.(spelling)

tendon

Connective tissue that binds muscles to bones is a ______.(spelling

synovial fluid

Fluid found within the joint is called_____.(spelling)

bursa

A sac of fluid near a joint is a ______.(spelling)

articular cartilage

Smooth cartilage that surrounds the surface of bones at joints is _____.(spelling)

arthroplasty

Surgical repair of a joint is called_____.(spelling)

tendon(itis)

inflammation of a tendon:____itis (spelling)

rheumato(logist)

doctor specialinzing in joint disorders:______logist (spelling)

chondr(oma)

tumor (benign) of cartilage:______oma (spelling)

(arthr)otomy

incision of a joint: arthr_____ (spelling)

ankyl(osis)

stiffened, immobile joint:_____osis (spelling)

(ten)orrhaphy

suture of a tendon: ten________ (spelling)

(chondro)malacia

softening of cartilage: chondro______ (spelling)

chondrosarc(oma)

tumor (malignant) of cartilage:_______oma (spelling)

burs(itis)

inflammation of a sac of fluid near a joint:_____itis (spelling)

fascia

fibrous membrane separating muscle

abduction

movement away from the midline

myocardial

pertaining to the heart

polymyalgia

pain of many muscles

supination

act of turning the palm forward or upward

visceral

muscle connected to internal organs

insertion

connection of muscle to the bone that moves

origin

connection of muscle to a stationary bone

scapula

shoulder bone (spelling)

humerus

upper arm bone (spelling)

sternum

breatbone (spelling)

femur

thigh bone (spelling)

phalanges

finger bones (spelling)

clavicle

collar bone (spelling)

carpals

wrist bones (spelling)

patella

kneecap (spelling)

metatarsals

foot bones (spelling)

vertebra

backbone

frontal bone

forms the forehead

zygomatic bone

cheek bone

maxilla

upper jaw bone

occipital bone

forms the back and the base of the skull

mandible

lower jaw bone

parietal bone

forms the roof and the upper side of the skull

lacrimal bone

two paired bones at the corner of each eye

temporal bone

bone near the ear; connected to the lower jaw

scoliosis

lateral curvature of the spine

myelopoiesis

formation of bone marrow

lordosis

abnormal anterior curvature of the spine

exostoses

benign turmors arising from the bone surface

kyphosis

humpback

talipes

clubfoof

spondylolisthesis

subluxation of a vertebra

achondroplasia

an inherited condition in which bones of the arms and legs fail to grow normally because of a defect in cartilage and bone formation

ganglion

cystic mass arising from a tendon in the wrist

gouty arthritis

inflammation of joints caused by accumulation of uric acid

osteoarthritis

degernerative joint disease;chronic inflammation of bones and joints

ankylosing spondylitis

chronic, progressive arthritis with stiffening joints, especially of the spine

carpal tunnel syndrome

compression of the median nerve in the wrist

bunion

abnormal swelling of a metatarsophalangeal joint (joint between the big toe and first metatarsal)

Lyme disease

tick-borne bacterium causes this type of arthritis

rheumatoid arthritis

chronic joint disease with inflamed and painful joints; marked by swollen and thickened synovial membranes

systemic lupus erythematosus

chronic inflammatory disease affecting skin (red rash on the face), kidneys, heart, and lungs as well as joints

dislocation

displacement of a bone from its joint

flextion

bending a limb,decreasing the angle between two bones

abduction

movement away from the midline

adduction

movement toward the midline

rotation

circular movement around an axis

extension

straightening out a limb

pronation

turning the palm backward

condyle

knuckle like projection

fossa

shallow cavity in a bone

tubercle

small rounded process

trochanter

large process on femur for attachment of muscles

foramen

opening for blood vessels and nerves

fissure

narrow, deep slit like opening

subluxation

partial or imcomplete dislocation

arthrodesis

binding of a joint

podagra

sharp pain of big toe associated with gouty arthritis

pyrexia

fever

sciatica

pain radiating down the leg

malleolus

rounded process at the ankle

lamina

part of the vertebral arch

olecranon

elbow bone

pubic symphysis

anterior part of the hip bone

osteoporosis

decrease in bone density; thinning and weakening of the bone

osteogenic sarcoma

malignant tumor of bone

calcaneus

heel bone

acetabulum

socket for femur in hip

acromion

projection of scapula

fibromyalgia

pain of fibrous tissue and muscle

leiomyosarcoma

malignant tumor of smooth muscle

muscular dystrophy

group of inherited diseases with progressive muscle weakness and degereration

polymyositis

chronic inflammation of many muscles

fasciitis

inflammation of fascia

cancellous bone

part of the bone that is spongy porus bone tissue

mastoid process

a round process of the temporal bone behind the ear

name bones of the face

azgomatic, maxillary, mandibular, lacrimal, nasal, vomer

osteogenesis

poor formation of bone

laminectomy

operation to relieve symtoms of a slipped disk

scoliosis

lateral curvature of the spinal column

osteomalacia

softening of bone

osteomyelitis

inflammation of bone marrow

talipes

club foot

comminuted fracture

a splintered or crushed bone

electromyography

the process of recording the strength of muscle contraction

polymyositis

chronic inflammatory myopathy of uncertain etiology

tubercle

small, rounded process on a bone

sinus

cavity within a bone

tendon

connective tissue that binds muscles to bones

disc(k)

flat, round, plate like stucture between vertebrae

exostosis

bony growth arising from the surface of bone

arthrocentesis

surgical puncture of the joint space with a needle

sprain

trauma to a joint with pain, swelling, and injury to ligaments

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