chapter 5 ap us history

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1st continental congress

meeting of delegates from all colonies except Georgia met in Philedelphia, called in reaction to the Intolerable Acts. It was to protest pariamentary intrusions on their rights.

suffolk resolves

declared colonial resistance to Coercive acts
announced preparations for a military defense against British tyranny
vigorously protesting the Intolerable Acts
decided they would boycott British goods, ignore punitive measures, support colonial government, and urge colonies to raise militias.

declaration of rights/grievances

petition to the king urging him to redress colonial grievances and restore colonial rights; recognized Parliament's authority to regulate commerce

"the association"

It called for a complete boycott of British goods

Paul Revere

American silversmith who became a hero after his famous ride to warn of the British advance on Lexington and Concord.

Samuel Prescott

The patriot, along with William Dawes and Paul Revere, warned the colonists that the British were coming before Lexington and Concord.

William Dawes

American patriot who rode with Paul Revere to warn that the British were advancing on Lexington and Concord (1745-1799)

Lexington/Concord

first battle of the American Revoulutionary War; British meant to get suppies from militia, but shots exchanged between minutemen and the british as the british continued to concord; Americans ambushed british, killing 300

minute men

colonial militia members who were supposed to be ready to fight at a minute's notice

bunker hill

British and American troops poured into the Boston area. Americans killed over one thousand British soldiers and the British killed nearly four hundred. The Americans had to fled because they were nearly out of supplies. King George III suspended trade between Britain and the American colonies., "Don't shoot until you see the whites of their eyes"

second continental congress

They organized the continental Army, called on the colonies to send troops, selected George Washington to lead the army, and appointed the committee to draft the Declaration of Causes and Necessities for taking up arms

olive branch petition

What document was sent to big George III as a final attempt at peace by the Colonists in 1775.

thomas paine

published "common sense" pamphlet

common sense

a pamphlet written by Thomas Paine that claimed a large continenet should not be ruled by a small island

richard henry lee

colonists who set up the declaration of independence

declaration of independence

the document recording the proclamation of the second Continental Congress (4 July 1776) asserting the independence of the colonies from Great Britain "all men are created equal"

thomas Jefferson

writer of the declaration of independence

hessians

german mercenaries=paid to fight

patriots

"whigs", 1/3Colonists who wanted independence from Britain

loyalists

"tories", 1/3American colonists who remained loyal to Britain and opposed the war for independence

native americans (revolutionary war)

afraid of American expansion so sided with Great Britain

joseph brant

iroquis league who supported the British during the American Revolution.

african americans (revolutionary war)

British promised to free their slaves if they fought in the war so they americans did the same 5,000 fought

Baron von Steuben

volunteer, general in Prussia,offered help to Patriots after Washington won the battles at Trenton & Princeton, arrived at Valley Forge in the spring of 1778

colonel tye

One of Dunmore's black troop member who conducted guerilla raids against the Patriots

valley forge

the site where George Washington and his troops endured a harsh winter without proper food, shelter, or clothing

battle of saratoga

Turning point of the American Revolution. convinced the French to give the U.S. military support. It lifted American spirits, ended the British threat in New England by taking control of the Hudson River, and, most importantly, showed the French that the Americans had the potential to beat their enemy, Great Britain.

Marquis de lafayette

French soldier who served under George Washington in the American Revolution

benedict arnold

Successful American general during the Revolution who turned traitor in 1780 and joined the British cause.

battle of yorktown

final battle of the war, in which French and American forces led by George Washington defeated British General Cornwallis

treaty of paris

This treaty ended the Seven Years War

newburgh conspiracy, 1783

an attempt to obtain taxation authority for the Treasury. convinced the Continental's army officers stationed in Newburgh, New York, to bluff that they would mutiny unless they received a pay raise. George Washington managed to stop this conspiracy by making an emotional plea to the troops.

republican motherhood

suggested that women would be responsible for raising their children to be virtuous citizens of the new American republic

social changes from revolution

state constituions and laws abolished old instituionts that had or orginated in Europe, seperation of church and state, and dependency of women

new state governments (trends)

lists of rights such as trial by jury and freedom of religion, seperating power (judicia,executive and legeslative) voting and office holding

articles of conferderation

drafted by john dickerson the first plan of government of the U.S

unicameral legislature

a one house assembly whose members are chosen by voters

land ordinance

congress established a public policy for the western lands which provided one section of land set aside in each township for public education

northwest ordinance

the government granted limited self-government to the developing territory and prohibited slavery in the region

shay's rebellion

massachusetts farmer who lead other farmers in an uprising against high taxes,imrosenment for debt, and lack of paper money.

problems with articles of confederation

caused financial,domestic, and foreign problems

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