← AP Euro Ch 17 p 2 Test
5 Written Questions
5 Matching Questions
- Crush the infamous thing!
- Immanuel Kant
- Pierre Bayle
- public sphere
- a Protestant, leading critic of traditional religious attitudes - attacked superstition, religious intolerance, dogmatism, believed that the rational principles of textual criticism should be applied to the Bible, skepticism about religion & secularization of thought, wrote Historical and Critical Dictionary
- b "Ecrasez l'infame" rallying cry by Voltaire against rigid religion, government abuse, and remaining medievalism
- c an idealized intellectual environment that emerged in Europe during the Enlightenment, where members of society came together as individuals to discuss issues relevant to the society, economics, and politics of the day
- d (1694-1778) French philosopher. He believed that freedom of speech was the best weapon against bad government. He also spoke out against the corruption of the French government, and the intolerance of the Catholic Church.
- e a professor in East Prussia and the greatest German philosopher of the age, argued in 1784 that if serious thinkers were granted the freedom to exercise their reason publicly in print, then enlightenment would follow-suggested that Prussia's Frederick the Great was an enlightened monarch because he permitted freedom of press
5 Multiple Choice Questions
- Philosophe who published the "Social Contract." he posited that people are born good but are corrupted from education, laws, and society. He advocated a government based on popular sovereignty and was distrustful of other philosophes' suffocating conformity to "reason."
- 1632-1677; philosopher from the Netherlands; excommunicated from Jewish synagogue; pantheist/monist who denied the possibilty of revealed religion and inspiration of scripture; believed all governments to be unjust, wrote Ethics
- "The Encyclopedia"- 17 volumes from 1751-1772 on everything in society (over 700 articles)- the monument of print culture and enlightenment; meant to improve people's lives AND take religion out of government (secularize)
- The motto of the enlightenment as proclaimed by Immanuel Kant
- written by Montesquieu; described a Persian in France writing to another back in the middle east and compared Louis XIV to the Persian ruler; criticized French government
5 True/False Questions
David Hume → The religion of the Enlightenment (1700s). Followers believed that God existed and had created the world, but that afterwards He left it to run by its own natural laws. Denied that God communicated to man or in any way influenced his life.
Rococo → personal, elegant style of art and architecture made popular during the mid-1700s and featuring fancy design in the shape of leaves, shells, and scrolls
Salons → These were meeting places for philosophical discussion that were for the upper and middle class citizens who would talk about different doctrines
Reading revolution → According to Rousseau the general will is sacred and absolute, reacting the common interests of the people who have displaced the monarch as the holder of ultimate power. It should always work for the common good.
Montesquieu → (1694-1778) French philosopher. He believed that freedom of speech was the best weapon against bad government. He also spoke out against the corruption of the French government, and the intolerance of the Catholic Church.