repetition of initial or medial consonants in two or more adjacent words. Used sparingly, this device provides emphasis. Overused, it sounds silly.
the juxtaposition of contrasting ideas, often in parallel structure. The contrast may be in words or in ideas or both. When used well, antithesis can be very effective, even witty.
the repetition of similar vowel sounds, preceded and followed by different consonants, in the stressed syllables of adjacent words.
repetition of the same word or groups of words at the beginnings of successive clauses. This device produces a strong emotional effect, especially in speech. It also establishes a marked change in rhythm.
repetition at the end of a clause of the word that occurred at the beginning of the clause. Like other schemes of repetition, this often produces or expresses strong emotion.
similarity of structure in a pair or series of related words, phrases, or clauses. This basic principle of grammar and rhetoric demands that equivalent things be set forth in coordinate grammatical structures: nouns with nouns, infinitives with infinitives, and adverb clauses with adverb clauses.
asking a question, not for the purpose of eliciting an answer but for the purpose of asserting or denying something obliquely
a passing or casual reference; an incidental mention of something, either directly or by implication
a digression in the form of an address to someone not present, or to a personified object or idea, as "O Death, where is thy sting?"
inversion of the natural or usual word order. This deviation can emphasize a point or it can just sound awkward. It is most effective if the author rarely writes awkwardly, because when set among well-structured sentences it emphasizes the inverted phrase
the ordinary form of spoken or written language, without metrical structure, as distinguished from poetry or verse
irony that is inherent in speeches or a situation of a drama and is understood by the audience but not grasped by the characters in the play.
the humorous use of a word or phrase so as to emphasize or suggest its different meanings or applications, or the use of words that are alike or nearly alike in sound but different in meaning; a play on words.
a story in which the central character is searching for a person, location, or abstract value
the use of irony, sarcasm, ridicule, or the like, in exposing, denouncing, or deriding vice, folly, etc.
irony involving a situation in which actions have an effect that is opposite from what was intended, so that the outcome is contrary to what was expected.
a widely held but fixed and oversimplified image or idea of a particular type of person or thing
Stream of Consciousness
the reader sees what characters think about in a random association of ideas
irony in which a person says or writes one thing and means another, or uses words to convey a meaning that is the opposite of the literal meaning.