Plato: features of the Forms
objective (exist independently of our minds), transcendent (beyond space and time), eternal, intelligible (not senses, only intellect), archetypal (models), perfect
World of Forms (Being-Ideas) vs. the World of Flux (Becoming-Things)
Plato's metaphysical hierarchy
Forms: Good, Values (truth, beauty, justice), Abstract Concepts (triangles); Things (couches)...Things: Sensible objects, images
There exists only one of everything ...everything else is a ?; a concrete expression of the Form
the perfect Forms exist where?
in the World of Forms, ideas that are perfect and unchanging, therefore Ideal
Plato taught forms through the cave analogy that
....the world was like looking in a cave..seeing the shadows of the objects on the wall...when the actual complete object was outside the cave but invisible.
Plato beleived that we are born with ___________ that its just about remembering and not so much learning.
Who was Plato?
Classical Greek Philosopher(424- 348 ) who was a mathematician and writer of philosophical dialogues. He founded the Academy in Athens, was student of Socrates, and teacher of Aristotle.
What's Plato's most famous work?
universal realities that are beyond any image or sensible object
cognition about physical objects without reasoning
based on experience. looking at or examining the world
not the sensible, but the reason; innate ideas that we're born with help us to understand the world.
Explain the Theory of the Forms
Everything is really a reflection of the images we have in our head. Ex: Table. We conceptualize a table. We see the reflection of our conceptualization.
Explain "The Cave"
The general population is in a dark philosophical real - cave - and only the enlightened philosophers can see the light at the end of the tunnel. It's their job to teach the general population but that is harder said than done considering their teachings sound crazy
Forms, unchanging and eternal, are the most real;
Forms are known by the mind
not the body (senses)
Reality is ultimately intelligible, not physical
gained through the use of reason, not the senses
What is the Doctrine of Recollection?
Knowledge is innate, so that learning is the development of ideas buried deep in the soul