World Geography Unit 7:Africa Vocab

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Prentice Hall

delta

land formed by soil in the water that is dropped as the river slows and enters the sea

fellaheen

Egyptian peasants

bazaar

open air market

basin irrigation

building walls around fields to trap the Nile's water and silt

perennial irrigation

provides water for agriculture throughout the year

capital

money investted in building and supporting new industries

wadi

dry riverbeds and sharp gullies that catch and temporarily hold water from sudden downpours

caravan

large group of merchants who join together to travel safely

medina

older Arab section of North African city

souk

market area

shifting agriculture

using land until it is stripped of its nutrients and then moving on to a new plot

forage

food for grazing animals

deforestation

destroying the trees and shrubs on an area of land

desertification

caused by drought when land looses trees and shrubs and turns to desert

refugee

a person who fleese his home to escape danger or unfair treatment

island delta

area of lakes, creeks, and swamps away from the ocean

coup

sudden political takeover

animism

Belief that objects, such as plants and stones, or natural events, like thunderstorms and earthquakes, have a discrete spirit

World Bank

a U.N. agency that provides loans to countries for development projects

structural adjustment program

reforms structure of economy

International Monetary Fund

a 2nd U.N. agency that provides loans to countries for development projects

watershed

dividing ridge between 2 basins

mercenary

hired soldier

harambee

Swahili word meaning "pulling together"

pyrethrum

pesticide

strategic value

value of the location to nations planning military actions

ethnocracy

government where one ethnic group rules over the others

villagization

forced to move into towns and work on collective farms

apartheid

a social policy or racial segregation involving political and economic and legal discrimination against non-whites

sanction

punish a country for behavior of which the international community does not approve

enclave

completely surrounded and dependent on a larger country

white flight

departure of trained white administrators and technicians

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